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factĭo , ōnis, f. id..
I. A making, doing, preparing (very rare): “tabulae, quas is instituisset, cui testamenti factio nulla est,the right of making a will, Cic. Top. 11, 50; cf.: “factionem testamenti habere,id. Fam. 7, 21: “quae haec factio est?conduct, dealing, proceeding, Plaut. Rud. 5, 3, 15; id. Bacch. 4, 8, 2.—
II. (Acc. to facio, II. B.; lit., a taking part or siding with any one; hence concr.) A company of persons associated or acting together, a class, order, sect, faction, party (syn.: pars, partes, causa, rebellio, perduellio, seditio).
A. In gen. (rare): cum vostris nostra non est aequa factio; “Affinitatem vobis aliam quaerite,” i. e. family, rank, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 51; cf.: “neque nos factione tanta, quanta tu, sumus,id. Cist. 2, 1, 17; id. Trin. 2, 4, 66; 90; 96; id. Aul. 2, 1, 45: utrimque factiones tibi pares, Cato ap. Charis. p. 198 P.: alia (medicorum) factio coepit in Sicilia, i. e. class or school, Plin. 29, 1, 4, § 5: “est et alia magices factio, a Mose pendens,id. 30, 1, 2, § 11: “lascivientium,Vulg. Amos, 6, 7.—
2. Scenic t. t., a division, company, or party of charioteers at the Roman races (of which there were four, named after their colors: “albata, prasina, russata, veneta),Suet. Calig. 55; id. Vit. 7; 14; id. Dom. 7; Inscr. Orell. 2593; cf. Fest. p. 86 Müll.; and Anthon's Dict. of Antiq. p. 256.—Also of pantomimes, Suet. Ner. 16; and: “domini factionum = factionarii,id. ib. 5; 22; Lampr. Com. 16.
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