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fŏvĕo , fōvi, fōtum, 2, v. a. Corss. assumes a root bhag-, to be hot; Gr. φώγειν, to roast; O. H. Germ. bachan; Germ. backen; Engl. bake; hence, fovere for fog-vēre; favilla for fag-villa; and to this refers: favere, faustus, etc., Ausspr. 1, 142; 2, 1004; but cf. Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. p. 188, and v. faveo,
I.to warm, keep warm (class.; esp. freq. in the transf. and trop. signif.; syn.: calefacio: faveo, studeo, adjuvo, etc.).
II. Transf., to cherish, foster any thing.
A. Physically. So of diseased parts of the body, to foment (whether with warm or cold remedies): “dumque manet corpus, corpus refoventque foventque,Ov. M. 8, 536: “nares exulceratas fovere oportet vapore aquae calidae,Cels. 6, 8: “multa aqua prius calida, post egelida fovendum os caputque,id. 4, 2, 4: “genua calido aceto,Col. 6, 12, 4: “nervos cortice et foliis in vino decoctis,Plin. 24, 9, 37, § 58; 32, 9, 34, § 106: “cutem lacte asinino,id. 28, 12, 50, § 183: “os quoque multa frigida aqua fovendum est,Cels. 1, 5; 1, 3 init.: “cutem frigida et ante et postea,Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 184: “vulnus lymphă,Verg. A. 12, 420.— Poet., in gen. (a favorite word with Vergil): interdum gremio fovet inscia Dido (puerum), cherishes, holds in her lap, Verg. A. 1, 718: “germanam sinu,id. ib. 4, 686: “cunctantem lacertis amplexu molli,” i. e. to embrace, enfold, id. ib. 8, 388: “animas et olentia Medi ora fovent,id. G. 2, 135: “ipse aeger, anhelans Colla fovet,” i. e. leans against the tree, id. A. 10, 838: castra fovere, to remain in the camp (the figure being that of a bird brooding over its nest), id. ib. 9, 57: “(coluber) fovit humum,id. G. 3, 420; “and transf. to a period of time: nunc hiemem inter se luxu, quam longa, fovere, Regnorum immemores,sit the winter through, pass the winter, id. A. 4, 193.—
B. Mentally, to cherish, caress, love, favor, support, assist, encourage: “scribis de Caesaris summo in nos amore. Hunc et tu fovebis et nos quibuscumque poterimus rebus augebimus,Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 3, § 9; cf.: “inimicum meum sic fovebant, etc.,id. Fam. 1, 9, 10: “Vettienum, ut scribis, et Faberium foveo,id. Att. 15, 13, 3: “et eo puto per Pomponium fovendum tibi esse Hortensium,id. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 8; cf. also Quint. 1, 2, 16: “(duo duces) pugnantes hortabantur et prope certa fovebant spe,encouraged, animated, Liv. 38, 6, 5: “tribuni plebis in cooptandis collegis patrum voluntatem foverunt,id. 3, 65, 1; cf.: “res alicujus,id. 24, 36, 9; 26, 36, 6: “spem potentioris,id. 40, 5, 5: “rex statuerat utram foveret partem,id. 42, 29, 11; cf. id. 5, 3, 9: “consilia alicujus,Tac. H. 1, 46: “spectator populus hos, rursus illos clamore et plausu fovebat,id. ib. 3, 83: “tu mihi gubernacula rei publicae petas fovendis hominum sensibus et deleniendis animis et adhibendis voluptatibus?by pampering, Cic. Mur. 35, 74: “partes alicujus,Tac. H. 1, 8; 1, 14: “adolescentiam alicujus exhortationibus,Plin. Ep. 1, 14, 1; cf.: “ut propria naturae bona doctrina foverent,Quint. 2, 8, 3: “ingenia et artes,Suet. Vesp. 18: “quam magis in pectore meo foveo, quas meus filius turbas turbet,” i. e. dwell upon, think over, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 10, 1: “vota animo,Ov. M. 7, 633: “spem,Mart. 9, 49, 4: “nequiquam eos perditam spem fovere,Liv. 22, 53, 4; cf. Tac. H. 1, 62; Val. Max. 6 praef. § 9; cf. conversely: ut spes vos foveat, may sustain you, Just. Inst. prooem. 7: “hoc regnum dea gentibus esse, jam tum tenditque fovetque,cherishes, Verg. A. 1, 18: dum illud tractabam, de quo antea scripsi ad te, quasi fovebam dolores meos (the fig. being taken from the fomenting of diseased parts of the body; “v. above, II. A.),Cic. Att. 12, 18, 1: “pantomimos fovebat effusius,Plin. Ep. 7, 27, 4.
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