previous next
frīgus , ŏris, n. Gr. ῥῖγος, cold, π̔ιγέω; “the connection with Lat. rĭgeo, rĭgor, is doubtful,Georg Curtius Gr. Etym. 353; Corss. Ausspr. 1, 451,
I.cold, coldness, coolness (for syn. cf.: algor, gelu, rigor, glacies, pruina).
I. Lit.
A. In gen. (class.): “nec calor (mihi obsistet) nec frigus metuo,Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 19; “so opp. calor,Lucr. 2, 517; 6, 371; Cic. Univ. 14 med.; id. Rosc. Am. 45, 131; Verg. G. 2, 344; 4, 35: “calidis torrescere flammis aut ... rigere Frigore,Lucr. 3, 892: “cum esset vinctus nudus in aëre, in imbri, in frigore,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 40, § 87: “vix in ipsis tectis frigus vitatur,id. Fam. 16, 8, 2: “fere matutinis temporibus frigus est,coolness, Cels. 2, 1; cf.: “frigus captabis opacum,Verg. E. 1, 53; Hor. C. 3, 13, 10; Ov. M. 10, 129: “quae frigore sola Dormiat,in the cold night, Tib. 1, 8, 39: “cum Appius senatum coegisset, tantum fuit frigus ut coactus sit nos dimittere,Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 12, 1.—In plur.: “nec frigora quimus usurpare oculis,Lucr. 1, 300: “ut tectis saepti frigora caloresque pellamus,the cold, Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 151; cf.: “ex verna intemperie variante calores frigoraque,Liv. 22, 2, 10: “tecta quibus frigorum vis pellitur,Cic. Off. 2, 4, 13: “propter frigora ... frumenta in agris matura non erant,Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 2: “Alpinae nives et frigora Rheni,Verg. E. 10, 47: “Scythiae,Ov. M. 2, 224: “Peligna,Hor. C. 3, 19, 8: “matutina,id. S. 2, 6, 45: “nocturna,Liv. 40, 22, 7: “intolerabilia,id. 21, 58, 1: “ficum frigoribus ne serito,in cold weather, Col. 5, 10, 9: “quisquam picta colit Spartani frigora saxi,” i. e. the variegated cold marble floor, Mart. 1, 56, 5; Tac. Agr. 12; id. G. 16; Suet. Aug. 81.—
B. In partic. (poet.).
1. The cold of winter, winter (like calor for summer; “v. calor): lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit,Verg. E. 2, 22: “ante focum, si frigus erit,id. ib. 5, 70: “quae frigore sola dormiat,Tib. 1, 8, 39: “per medium frigus,Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 5.—Plur.: “frigoribus parto agricolae plerumque fruuntur,Verg. G. 1, 300: “frigoribus mediis,id. E. 10, 65.—
2. A chill, fever: “tentatum frigore corpus,Hor. S. 1, 2, 80.—
3. The coldness of death, death: “et gelidos artus in leti frigore linquit,Lucr. 3, 401: “aeternum leti,id. 4, 924: “letale,Ov. M. 2, 611: “supremum animae,Stat. S. 3, 3, 20: “ast illi solvuntur frigore membra Vitaque cum gemitu fugit,Verg. A. 12, 951 (diff. from the foll.).—
4. A cold shudder produced by fear: “extemplo Aeneae solvuntur frigore membra, Ingemit, etc.,Verg. A. 1, 92.—
II. Transf., a cold region or place: “frigus non habitabile,Ov. Tr. 3, 4, 51: “et quodcumque jacet sub urbe frigus,Mart. 4, 64, 14.—
III. Trop. (cf. frigeo and frigidus, II.; not in Cic.).
A. Coldness in action, inactivity: si Parthi vos nihil calfaciunt, nos hic frigore frigescimus, etc., Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5; Ov. F. 2, 856.—
B. A cold or frigid reception of a person or thing, esp. a discourse; coolness, coldness, indifference, disfavor (perh. not ante-Aug.): “majorum ne quis amicus Frigore te feriat,coolness, loss of favor, Hor. S. 2, 1, 62; cf.: “Montanus Julius et amicitia Tiberii notus et frigore,Sen. Ep. 122: “et imperitia et rusticitas et rigor et deformitas afferunt interim frigus,Quint. 6, 1, 37; Plin. Ep. 6, 15, 4; Quint. 5, 7, 31: “illud quaestionum et argumentorum apud corrupta judicia frigus evitant,id. 2, 12, 6.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: