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Graeci , ōrum, m., = Γραικοί,
I.the Grecians, Greeks: contendunt Graecos, Graios memorare solent sos, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 301 Müll. (Ann. v. 358 Vahl.): “eos septem, quos Graeci sapientes nominaverunt,Cic. Rep. 1, 7: “apud Graecos,id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Fl. 27, 64: “quia Graecorum sunt antiquissima quaeque Scripta vel optima, etc.,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 28.—Sing.: Graecus , i, m., a Greek: “processit ille, et Graecus apud Graecos non de culpa sua dixit, etc.,Cic. Fl. 7, 17: “ignobilis,Liv. 39, 8, 3: “Graecus Graecaque,Plin. 28, 2, 3, § 12.—
II. Derivv.
A. Grae-cus , a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Greeks, Greek, Grecian: “plus te operae Graecis dedisse rebus video ... deinde nullam Graecarum rerum significationem daret,Cic. de Or. 2, 36, 152 sq.; cf. “litterae,id. Brut. 20, 78.—In neutr. absol.: “Graeca leguntur in omnibus fere gentibus,Cic. Arch. 10, 23: “lingua (opp. Latina),id. Fin. 1, 3, 10: “ludi,founded on Greek subjects, id. Fam. 7, 1, 3 (opp. Osci); id. Att. 16, 5, 1: “homines,Grecian people, Greeks, id. Mil. 29, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 27, 65: “testis,id. Fl. 5, 11: “more bibere,” i. e. to drink healths, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66: “Graeca fide mercari,” i. e. without credit, with ready money, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 47: nux, i. e. an almond, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 44: pantherae, from Asiatic Greece, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5: “rosa,a kind of rose, Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 18: ovis, perh. Tarentine, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 27: via, perh. to Magna Graecia, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 3.—Prov.: ad Calendas Graecas, i. q. our next day after never (since the Greeks had no Calends), August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.—Hence, subst.: Graecum , i, n., the Greek language, Greek (rare): “Graeco melius usuri,Quint. 5, 10, 1: “librum e Graeco in Latinum convertere,Cic. Off. 2, 24, 87.—Adv. in two forms,
1. Graece , in the Greek language, in Greek: “cum ea, quae legeram Graece, Latine redderem,Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 155: “Acilius qui Graece scripsit historiam,id. Off. 2, 32, 115: “loqui,id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15: “optime scire,id. de Or. 2, 66, 265; cf. “nescire,id. Fl. 4, 10: “licet legatum Graece scriptum non valeat,Ulp. Fragm. 25, 9: “omnia Graece,Juv. 6, 188.—
2. Graecātim , in the Greek manner: “amiciri,Tert. Pall. 4.—
B. Graecĭa , ae, f., the country of the Greeks, Greece: ad Trojam cum misi ob defendendam Graeciam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 13, 28 (Trag. v. 362 Vahl.): “quod de Corintho dixi, id haud scio an liceat de cuncta Graecia verissime dicere,Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36: “Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156: “magna,Ov. H. 16, 340.—In apposition: “terra,Gell. 1, 1, 2; M. Aur. ap. Fronto Ep. 2, 9 Mai.—
2. Transf.: Magna Graecia , Lower Italy, inhabited by Greeks, Plin. 3, 10, 15, § 95; 3, 5, 6, § 42; Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154; 3, 34, 139; id. Lael. 4, 13; id. Tusc. 1, 16, 38; called also Mājor Graecia , Liv. 31, 7, 11; Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 6 med.; Sil. 11, 21; whereas by a Greek proper it is called Parva Graecia , Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 55; and absol.: “Graecia,Cic. Arch. 5, 10.—Poet.: Major Graecia, in gen., for Italy: “Itala nam tellus Graecia major erat,Ov. F. 4, 64.—
C. Grae-cānĭcus , a, um, adj., of Greek origin, in the Greek manner or fashion, Grecian, Greek (rare; “not in Cic.): alia (verba) Graeca, alia Graecanica,” i. e. words borrowed from the Greeks, Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll.: “torcula,Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317: “pavimentum,id. 36, 25, 63, § 188: “color,id. 34, 9, 20, § 98: “toga, i. e. pallium,Suet. Dom. 4: milites, living in the Greek manner, voluptuously, Vulc. Avid. Cass. 5.—Hence, adv.: Graē-cānĭce , in Greek: “dicere,Varr. L. L. 9, § 89 Müll.—
D. Graecŭlus , a, um, adj. dim., Grecian, Greek (mostly in a depreciating, contemptuous sense): ineptum sane negotium et Graeculum, thorough Greek, Cic. Tusc. 1, 35, 86: “motus quidam temerarius Graeculae contionis,id. Fl. 10, 23: “cautio chirographi,” i. e. not to be relied upon, id. Fam. 7, 18, 1: “homines,id. de Or. 1, 11, 47: “ferrum,Flor. 2, 7, 9: “civitas Massilia,id. 4, 2, 24 Duk.—Subst.:
1. Graecŭlus , i, m.
(α). A paltry Greek, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Pis. 29, 70.—Prov.: “Graeculus esuriens in caelum, jusseris, ibit,Juv. 3, 78.—In the form Graecŭlĭo , Petr. 76 fin.
(β). Post-Aug., without any odious accessory notion, for Graecus: “vitis,Col. 3, 2, 24: “mala,Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 50: “rosa,id. 21, 4, 10, § 18.—
2. Graecŭla , ae, f., a Greekling, a weak imitator of Greek women, Juv. 6, 186.—
E. Graecĭen-sis , e, adj., Grecian (post-Aug. and very rare): “mare,Plin. 4, 21, 18, § 51: “scimpodium,Gell. 19, 10, 1.—
F. Graecālis , e, adj., Grecian, Greek (late Lat.): “lapides,inscribed with Greek letters, Front. de Col. p. 116 Goes.
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