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grăvĭtas , ātis, f. gravis,
I.weight, heaviness.
B. Transf.
2. Of bodily condition, health, severity, vehemence, violence, unwholesomeness; heaviness, dulness, faintness, sickness: “corpore vix sustineo gravitatem hujus caeli,Cic. Att. 11, 22, 2: “caeli aquarumque,Liv. 23, 34, 11: “loci,id. 25, 26, 13: “morbi,Cic. N. D. 3, 31, 76: “pressus gravitate soporis,Ov. M. 15, 21; cf. id. ib. 11, 618: “an quod corporis gravitatem et dolorem animo judicamus, animi morbum corpore non sentimus?painful, diseased condition, Cic. Tusc. 3, 1, 2 Kühn.; cf. “membrorum,id. Fin. 4, 12, 31; and Lucr. 3, 478: “capitis,Plin. 27, 12, 105, § 130: “aurium,id. 20, 11, 44, § 115; cf. “auditus,id. 23, 4, 42, § 85: “audiendi,id. 28, 11, 48, § 176: “oris et dentium,id. 37, 10, 54, § 143.—
3. Pressure of price, dearness: “annonae,Tac. A. 6, 13; 11, 4.—
4. The burden of pregnancy: “tendebat gravitas uterum mihi,Ov. M. 9, 287 (cf. onus, id. ib. 10, 504). —
II. Trop.
A. In a bad sense, heaviness, slowness, severity: “gaudere gravitate linguae sonoque vocis agresti,Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 42: injuria gravitate tutior est, severity, cruelty, Sall. Orat. Licin. (Hist. Fragm. 3, 22 Gerl.): “fessi diuturnitate et gravitate belli,Liv. 31, 7, 3: crudelitatem quoque gravitati addidit, id. 24, 45, 13 Weissenb. —
B. In a good sense, weight, dignity, importance, seriousness, gravity (syn.: magnitudo, dignitas, auctoritas, pondus): hos cum Suevi propter amplitudinem gravitatemque civitatis finibus expellere non potuissent, importance, i. e. power, Caes. B. G. 4, 3, 4; cf. Cic. Agr. 2, 32: “omnium sententiarum gravitate, omnium verborum ponderibus est utendum,importance, weight, id. de Or. 2, 17, 72; cf. id. Tusc. 5, 12, 34: “genus hoc sermonum positum in hominum veterum auctoritate plus videtur habere gravitatis,id. Lael. 1, 4: “quanta illa, di immortales, fuit gravitas! quanta in oratione majestas!id. ib. 25, 96: “tristitia et in omni re severitas habet illa quidem gravitatem,id. ib. 18, 66; cf.: “erat in illo viro comitate condita gravitas,id. de Sen. 4, 10: “gravitate mixtus lepos,id. Rep. 2, 1; cf. also id. Q. Fr. 3, 9, 1: “illud me praeclare admones, cum illum videro, ne nimis indulgenter et ut cum gravitate potius loquar,id. Att. 9, 9, 2; 9, 19, 3; id. Fam. 5, 16, 5: “de virtute et gravitate Caesaris, quam in summo dolore adhibuisset,id. Q. Fr. 3, 8, 3: “personae gravitatem intuentes,id. Tusc. 2, 21, 49; cf.: “ego has partes lenitatis et misericordiae semper egi libenter: illam vero gravitatis severitatisque personam non appetivi,id. Mur. 3, 6: “haec genera dicendi in senibus gravitatem non habent,id. Brut. 95, 326; id. Rep. 1, 10 fin.: “majestas quam vultus gravitasque oris prae se ferebat,Liv. 5, 41, 8: “(senarius) quantum accipit celeritatis, tantum gravitatis amittit,Quint. 9, 4, 140.
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