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gaudĕo , gāvīsus, 2 (archaic
I.perf. gavisi, Liv. Andron. and Cass. Hem. ap. Prisc. p. 868 P.), v. n. and a. [Gr. γαίω, rejoice, for γαϝιω; cf. gavisus; root γαυ-; γηθέω, γάνυμαι, etc.; cf. ἀγαυρός, proud, ἄγη, astonishment], to rejoice, be glad or joyful respecting any thing, to take pleasure in, be pleased with, delight in (of inward joy, opp. laetari, to show one's self glad, exhibit joy; cf.: “gaudere decet, laetari non decet, quoniam docendi causa a gaudio laetitiam distinguimus,Cic. Tusc. 4, 31, 66); usually constr. with an object-clause, quod, the abl., or absol.; less freq. with the acc., cum, quia, the gen., si, etc.
(δ). Absol.: “tristis sit (servus), si eri sint tristes: hilarus sit, si gaudeant,Plaut. Am. 3, 3, 6; 3, 4, 10: “gaudebat, me laudabat,Ter. Phorm. 4, 2, 5: “gaudeat an doleat,Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 12: “et irasci nos et gaudere fingimus,Quint. 9, 2, 26: “si est nunc ullus gaudendi locus,Cic. Att. 9, 7, 6: “de Bursa, te gaudere certo scio,id. Fam. 7, 2, 2: “admonebo, ut in sinu gaudeant, gloriose loqui desinant,id. Tusc. 3, 21, 51.— (ε) With acc. (usually with homogeneous or general objects): “hunc scio mea solide gavisurum gaudia,Ter. And. 5, 5, 8; cf.: ut suum gaudium gauderemus, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 2, 1; Cat. 61, 119: “jam id gaudeo,Ter. And. 2, 2, 25; cf.: “gaudeo, etsi nil scio quod gaudeam,Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 62: “hoc aliud est, quod gaudeamus,id. Eun. 5, 9, 11; id. Phorm. 5, 8, 63: “quod gaudere posset, hoc fuit,Ov. M. 12, 607: nunc furit tam gavisos homines suum dolorem, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 14, 1: “gaudent natorum fata parentes,Stat. Th. 4, 231: “tu dulces lituos ululataque proelia gaudes,id. ib. 9, 724.—In pass.: “ista pars gaudenda mihi potius quam, etc.,Symm. Ep. 3, 29.—(ζ) With cum, quia, si, in, etc.: “quom gravidam et quom te pulcre plenam aspicio, gaudeo,Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 49; id. Truc. 2, 4, 33; 2, 6, 35: “quom tu's liber, gaudeo,id. Men. 5, 9, 87: “quia vos tranquillos video, gaudeo et volupe est mihi,id. Am. 3, 3, 3: Er. Gaude. He. Quid ego gaudeam? Er. Quia ego impero. Age, gaude modo, id. Capt. 4, 2, 59: “gaudes, si cameram percusti forte,Hor. S. 2, 3, 273: “mea Clotho et Lachesis gaudent, si pascitur inguine venter,Juv. 9, 136: “crudeles gaudent in tristi funere fratris,Lucr. 3, 72: “in puero,Prop. 2, 4, 18 (28): “tibi gratulor, mihi gaudeo, te amo,I for my part, as for myself, Cic. Fam. 6, 15; v. in the foll. the passage Lucr. 3, 145.—
II. In partic.
A. In sinu or in se, to rejoice within one's self or secretly, to feel a quiet joy: “ut in sinu gaudeant,Cic. Tusc. 3, 21, 51: “qui sapit, in tacito gaudeat ille sinu,Tib. 4, 13, 8 (cf.: “in tacito cohibe gaudia clausa sinu,Prop. 2, 25 (3, 20), 30): “tam gaudet in se tamque se ipse miratur,Cat. 22, 17.—
B. Like the Gr. χαίρειν, as a word of salutation (pure Lat. salvere): “Celso gaudere et bene rem gerere Albinovano Musa rogata refer,take my greetings to Celsus, Hor. Ep. 1, 8, 1; so ib. 15.—Hence, gaudens , entis, P. a., joyful, cheerful (very rare): “interea cum Musis nos delectabimus animo aequo, immo vero etiam gaudenti ac libenti,Cic. Att. 2, 4, 2; Prop. 3, 14 (4, 13), 9; Stat. S. 4, 6, 55: “si quis Forte coheredum senior male tussiet, huic tu Dic ... gaudentem nummo te addicere,with pleasure, gladly, Hor. S. 2, 5, 109.—Adv.: gauden-ter , rejoicingly (late Lat. and rare), Pseud. August. ad Fratr. Erem. Serm. 10 al.
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