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gĕlo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. gelu.
I. Act., to cause to freeze, to congeal.—Pass., to be frozen, to freeze.
B. In partic., to freeze, chill, stiffen with fright, horror, etc.; in pass., to be frozen, chilled; to be numbed or stiff (cf.: “gelu and gelidus): gelat ora pavor,Stat. Th. 4, 497: “timent pavidoque gelantur Pectore,Juv. 6, 95: “sic fata gelatis Vultibus,Stat. Th. 4, 404: “gelato corde attonitus,Luc. 7, 339: “gelati orbes (i. e. oculi emortui),id. 6, 541.—
II. Neutr., to freeze: “pruinae perniciosior natura, quoniam lapsa persidet gelatque,Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 222: “venae,Stat. Th. 4, 727: “vultus Perseos,” i. e. to be petrified, Luc. 9, 681.—Impers.: “non ante demetuntur quam gelaverit,Plin. 14, 3, 4, § 39; Vulg. Sir. 43, 21.
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