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hēres (ēres , Inscr. Orell. 188 al.), ēdis (archaic
I.acc. sing. herem, Naev. ap. Non. 486, 33; Inscr. Orell. 4379; cf. the art. ‡ herem), comm. Sanscr. har-āmi, seize; har-anam, hand; Gr. χείρ, χέρης; cf. erus, an heir, heiress.
I. Lit.: “testamento facto mulier moritur: facit heredem ex deunce et semuncia Caecinam, ex duabus sextulis M. Fulcinium,Cic. Caecin. 6, 17; cf.: “me nemo nisi amicus fecit heredem, etc. ... aliquem palam heredem factitare,id. Phil. 2, 16, 41: “mulier testamento fecit heredem filiam,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 43, § 111; id. Mil. 18, 48; cf. id. Rep. 3, 10, 17; Ov. H. 9, 110; Dig. 37, 7, 2; 37, 7, 9; “Ven. Fort. Carm. 8, 6, 44: in testamento Ptolemaei patris heredes erant scripti ex duobus filiis major, et ex duabus ea, quae aetate antecedebat,Caes. B. C. 3, 108, 3: “scripserunt heredes secum M. Crassum et Q. Hortensium,Cic. Off. 3, 18, 73: “aliquem heredem testamento relinquere,id. Quint. 4, 14: “relictus ab eo in amplis opibus heres,Plin. 9, 35, 59, § 122: “aliquem heredem instituere,Cic. Clu. 7, 22; Quint. 8, 5, 17; cf.: “per leges institui uxor non poterat heres,id. 9, 2, 74: “instituto herede abdicato,id. 3, 6, 97: “substitutus heres erat,id. 7, 6, 10: virgo Vestalis neque heres est cuiquam, etc., Labeo ap. Gell. 1, 12, 18: “substituere heredem,Dig. 28, 6, 1: “heres ex parte dimidia et tertia est Capito: in sextante sunt ii, quorum, etc.,Cic. Fam. 13, 26, 2: “ex asse heres,sole heir, Quint. 7, 1, 20; so, “heres ex parte sexta,Plin. Ep. 6, 33, 6: “ex dodrante,Suet. Caes. 83: “(L. Mescinius) heres est M. Mindio fratri suo,Cic. Fam. 13, 26, 2; so, “cur virgini Vestali sit heres, non sit matri suae?id. Rep. 3, 10; cf.: “quem suis bonis heredem esse cupiebat,id. Caecin. 4, 12; and: atque meis bonis omnibus ego te herem faciam, Naev. ap. Non. 486, 33; “for which: quem quis heredem suum esse voluit,Quint. 5, 10, 74: “repentinus heres,Cic. Phil. 2, 25, 62: “liberti heredem sequantur,Quint. 7, 7, 9; “so the formula frequently occurring on inscriptions: HIC LOCVS, HOC MONVMENTVM HEREDEM NON SEQVITVR, USU. abbreviated H. L. or H. M. H. N. S.,Inscr. Orell. 4379; 3926; 4455; 575; 2807; 4182; cf. “opp.: HOC MONVMENTVM HEREDEM SEQVITVR,Inscr. Orell. 4397: heres secundus, the second heir, next heir, when the first dies: qui me secundum heredem instituerit. Cic. Fam. 13, 61, 1; cf.: “possessio heredum secundorum,id. Inv. 2, 21, 62: “secundus,Quint. 8, 4, 11; Hor. S. 2, 5, 48; Inscr. Orell. 3416; “also used of a female: Marcus ait: Heres ipsius secundus, de muliere loquens,Charis. p. 79 P.: heres necessarius, a slave made heir with a grant of freedom, and compelled to assume the liabilities of the estate, Just. Inst. 1, 6, 1 Sandars: “ideo sic appellatus, quia, sive velit sive nolit, omnimodo post mortem testatoris protinus liber et heres est,Gai. Inst. 2, 153: heres suus et necessarius, a natural heir who was in the potestas of the deceased, id. ib. 2, § 153; 156; Dig. 38, 16, 1; “opp.: heres extraneus,Gai. Inst. 2, § 161.— Poet.: “tanti certaminis (i. e. armorum Achillis),Ov. M. 13, 129.—
B. Transf.
1. Owner, possessor, master (ante-class.): heres apud antiquos pro domino ponebatur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 99 Müll.; cf. Just. Inst. 2, 19 fin.: “apstuli hanc, quojus heres numquam erit post hunc diem,Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 12; cf. v. 28.—
2. A successor, after-growth (poet.): “nec ullum caput est impune recisum, quin gemino cervix herede valentior esset,of the heads of the Lernean Hydra, Ov. M. 9, 74; cf.: “alni caesae densius innumero herede prosunt,Plin. 16, 37, 67, § 173. —
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