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hĭĕmo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and
I.a. [hiems].
I. Neutr.
A. Of persons, to pass the winter, to winter; of soldiers, to keep in winter-quarters: “ubi piratae quotannis hiemare soleant,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 47, § 104: “naviget ac mediis hiemet mercator in undis,Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 71: “assidue in Urbe,Suet. Aug. 72: “tres (legiones), quae circum Aquileiam hiemabant, ex hibernis educit,Caes. B. G. 1, 10, 3: “legionem hiemandi causa collocaret,id. ib. 3, 1: “cupio scire quid agas et ubi sis hiematurus,Cic. Fam. 7, 9, 1: “facies me certiorem, quomodo hiemaris,id. Att. 6, 1 fin.
B. Of things, to be wintry, frozen, cold, stormy (freq. since the Aug. per.; not in Cic.): hiemantes aquae, Sall. Fragm. ap. Sen. Ep. 114: “atrum Defendens pisces hiemat mare,storms, Hor. S. 2, 2, 17; Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 125; cf.: repente hiemavit tempestas ... totus hiemavit annus ... hiemante Aquilone, Arrunt. ap. Sen. Ep. 114: “delphini vespertino occasu continui dies hiemant Italiae,Plin. 18, 26, 64, § 235.—
2. Impers., hiemat, it is winter weather, wintry, cold, frosty (post-Aug.): “decimo sexto Cal. Febr. Cancer desinit occidere: hiemat,Col. 11, 2, 4: “vehementer hiemat,id. ib. 20: “hiemat cum frigore et gelicidiis,id. ib. 78; Plin. 18, 35, 79, § 348.—
II. Act., to congeal, freeze, turn to ice (post-Aug.): “decoquunt alii aquas, mox et illas hiemant,Plin. 19, 4, 19, § 55 (for which: “decoquere aquam vitroque demissam in nives refrigerare,id. 31, 3, 23, § 40): “hiemato lacu,id. 9, 22, 38, § 75.
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