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hĭems or hiemps , ĕmis, f. Gr. χιών, χεῖμα; Sanscr. himas, snow,
I.the winter, winter time, rainy season (cf.: bruma, solstitium).
I. Lit.: aestatem autumnus sequitur, post acer hiemps fit, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 647 P. (Ann. v. 406 Vahl.): “solvitur acris hiems grata vice veris et Favoni,Hor. C. 1, 4, 1: crudelis, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 891 P. (Ann. v. 482 Vahl.); “opp. to aestas,Dig. 43, 20, 1, §§ “31 and 32: dies primus est veris in Aquario, aestatis in Tauro, autumni in Leone, hiemis in Scorpione,Varr. R. R. 1, 28, 1; cf. id. ap. Col. 11, 2, 84; Plin. 2, 47, 47, § 125; 18, 25, 60, § 224 sq.: prodit hiems, sequitur crepitans hanc dentibus algor. Lucr. 5, 747: “hanc vim frigorum hiememque, quam nos vix hujus urbis tectis sustinemus, excipere,Cic. Rab. Post. 15, 42: “summa,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 40, § 86; id. de Imp. Pomp. 12, 32: “gravissimā hieme,Caes. B. C. 3, 8 fin.: “jamque hiems appropinquabat,id. ib. 3, 9, 8: “initā hieme,id. B. G. 3, 7, 1: “jam prope hieme confectā,id. ib. 7, 32, 2: ante exactam hiemem, id. ib. 6, 1, 4: “hiems jam praecipitaverat,id. B. C. 3, 25, 1: “modestia hiemis,Tac. A. 12, 43: “bellum difficillimum gessit hieme anni,in winter time, Suet. Caes. 35: “stridebat deformis hiems,Juv. 4, 58: Arabes campos et montes hieme et aestate peragrantes, winter and summer, i. e. in all seasons, Cic. Div. 1, 42, 94.—In plur.: “confligunt hiemes aestatibus acres,Lucr. 6, 373: “est ubi plus tepeant hiemes?Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 15: “informīs hiemes reducit Juppiter, idem Summovet,id. C. 2, 10, 15; 3, 1, 32: “in his locis maturae sunt hiemes,Caes. B. G. 4, 20, 1; Cic. N. D. 2, 19, 49: “seu plures hiemes, seu tribuit Juppiter ultimam,years, Hor. C. 1, 11, 4: “post certas hiemes,id. ib. 1, 15, 35; cf.: “sic multas hiemes atque octogensima vidit solstitia,Juv. 4, 92.—Personified: Hiems , Ov. M. 2, 30; 15, 212; 4, 436; Verg. A. 3, 120.—
B. Transf. (mostly poet.).
2. In gen., cold, chill; tempest, violence (poet.): “sic letalis hiems paulatim in pectora venit,a deadly chill, Ov. M. 2, 827; cf. Mart. 2, 46, 7: “Vesuvinus apex et flammea diri Montis hiems,the fiery tempest, Stat. S. 3, 5, 72; “so of Vesuvius: vix dum ignea montem Torsit hiems,Val. Fl. 4, 508: “instamus jactu telorum et ferrea nimbis Certat hiems,the iron storm, shower of weapons, Stat. Th. 5, 386.—
II. Trop.
1. Cold, storm (poet.): “ab illa Pessima (die) mutati coepit amoris hiems,cold, Ov. H. 5, 34: “hiems rerum,the storm of war, disturbance of war, Claud. B. Get. 151.—
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