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horrĕo , ui, ēre, v. n. and
I.a. [for horseo, kindred to Sanscr. hrish, to stand erect, to bristle], to stand on end, stand erect, to bristle.
I. Lit. (for the most part only poet.; “not in Ciceron. prose): in corpore pili, ut arista in spica hordei, horrent,Varr. L. L. 6, § 49 Müll.; cf.: “et setae densis similes hastilibus horrent,Ov. M. 8, 285: “saepe horrere sacros doluit Latona capillos,Tib. 2, 3, 23: “horrentibus per totum corpus villis,Plin. 8, 40, 61, § 150: “horrentes barbae,Petr. 99: “horrentibus scopulis gradum inferre,Plin. Pan. 81, 1: “horrentes rubi,Verg. G. 3, 315: “horrentibus hastis,id. A. 10, 178: “horrebant densis aspera crura pilis,Ov. F. 2, 348: “rigidis setis,id. M. 13, 846: “horret capillis ut marinus asperis Echinus aut currens aper,Hor. Epod. 5, 27: “pervigil ecce draco squamis crepitantibus horrens Sibilat,Ov. H. 12, 101: densantur campis horrentia tela virorum, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 866 P. (Ann. v. 288 Vahl.); cf.: hastis longis campus splendet et horret, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Sat. v. 15 Vahl.); imitated Verg. A. 11, 602 Serv.; Liv. 44, 41, 6: mare cum horret fluctibus, is ruffled, rough, Att. ap. Non. 422, 33: “duris cautibus horrens Caucasus,Verg. A. 4, 366: “silvis horrentia saxa fragosis,Ov. M. 4, 778. —
II. Transf.
A. To move in an unsteady, shaking manner.
1. In gen., to shake, tremble (very rare): “corpus ut impulsae segetes Aquilonibus horret,Ov. H. 10, 139; cf. horresco.—
2. In partic.
a. To shake, shiver with cold, rigere (poet. and very rare): “saepe etiam dominae, quamvis horrebis et ipse, Algentis manus est calfacienda sinu,Ov. A. A. 2, 213: “horrenti tunicam non reddere servo,Juv. 1, 93: “sola pruinosis horret facundia pannis,Petr. 83.—
b. To tremble, shudder, quake with fright; more freq. as a verb. act., with an object, to shudder or be frightened at, to tremble at, be afraid of (the class. signif. of the word, equally freq. in prose and poetry; cf.: exsecror, abominor, aversor, abhorreo, odi, exhorresco).
(β). With acc.: “si qui imbecillius horrent dolorem et reformidant,Cic. Tusc. 5, 30, 85: “deorum (conscientiam) horrere,id. Fin. 1, 16, 51: “judicium et crimen,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 29, § 74; cf.: “ingrati animi crimen,id. Att. 9, 2, A, 2: “ipsam victoriam,id. Fam. 7, 3, 2: Ariovisti crudelitatem, * Caes. B. G. 1, 32, 4: “nomen ipsum accusatoris,Quint. 12, 7, 1: “fragilitatis humanae vires,Plin. Pan. 27, 1: “pauperiem,Hor. S. 2, 5, 9: “onus,id. Ep. 1, 17, 39: “iratum mare,id. Epod. 2, 6: “nutum divitis,id. Ep. 1, 18, 11: “strictas secures trepida cervice,Sil. 6, 695 et saep.: “te Negligit aut horret,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 64; cf.: “quem dives amicus odit et horret,id. ib. 1, 18, 25: “horrent admotas vulnera cruda manus,Ov. P. 1, 3, 16: “aciem ac tela horrere,Liv. 21, 53, 2; Curt. 7, 8, 4; 9, 2, 33: “illam, quam laudibus effert, horrere,to loathe, Juv. 6, 183. —
c. To shudder with amazement, to be astonished, amazed (very rare): “quae mehercule ego, Crasse, cum tractantur in causis, horrere soleo,Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 188: “animo horrere,id. Dom. 55, 140: “cogitatione,Curt. 9, 6, 12; cf. horrendus, 2.—
B. To be of a rough or frightful appearance; to look rough, look frightful; to be terrible, dreadful, horrid (rare; mostly poet.): “possetne uno tempore florere, deinde vicissim horrere terra,Cic. N. D. 2, 7, 19: quaedam loca frigoribus hiemis intolerabiliter horrent, Col. 1, 4, 9; German. Progn. 2, 158; cf.: nec fera tempestas toto tamen horret in anno. Ov. F. 1, 495: “Phoebus,Stat. Th. 4, 1.—
2. Trop.: “horrebant saevis omnia verba minis,Ov. R. Am. 664.—Hence,
A. horrens , entis, P. a. (acc. to I.), bristly, shaggy, rough (poet. and very rare): “horrens Arcadius sus,Lucr. 5, 25: “horrentique atrum nemus imminet umbra,Verg. A. 1, 165: “horrentes Marte Latinos,id. ib. 10, 237: “horrensque feris altaribus Esus,Luc. 1, 445.—
B. hor-rendus , a, um, P. a.
1. (Acc. to II. A. 2. b.) Dreadful, terrible, fearful, terrific, horrible (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “horrendum et dictu video mirabile monstrum,Verg. A. 3, 26: “truces horrendaeque imagines,Plin. Pan. 52, 5: “silva invia atque horrenda,Liv. 9, 36, 1: “Roma,Hor. C. 3, 3, 45: “rabies,id. S. 2, 3, 323: “diluvies,id. C. 4, 14, 27: “tempestas (with foeda),Vell. 2, 100, 2: “nox,Ov. F. 6, 140: “vox,Val. Fl. 1, 210; cf.: “lex erat horrendi carminis,Liv. 1, 26, 6: “juvenis Parthis horrendus,Hor. S. 2, 5, 62: “pallor utrasque Fecerat horrendas aspectu,id. ib. 1, 8, 26: “res horrenda relatu,Ov. M. 15, 298: “horrendum dictu!Verg. A. 4, 454.—Neutr. adv.: “belua Lernae Horrendum stridens,Verg. A. 6, 288: “arma Horrendum sonuere,id. ib. 9, 732; “12, 700: intonet horrendum,Juv. 6, 485.—Plur.: “horrenda circumsonantibus Alemannis,Amm. 27, 10, 10.—
2. In a good sense, wonderful, awful, venerable (poet.): “horrenda virgo (Camilla),Verg. A. 11, 507: “horrendae procul secreta Sibyllae,id. ib. 6, 10: “tectum augustum, ingens ... Horrendum silvis et religione parentum,id. ib. 7, 172. —Adv.: horrendē , dreadfully, Vulg. Sap. 6, 5; 17, 3.
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