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impĕdĭo (inp- ), īvi or ĭi, ītum, 4 (in tmesi:
I.inque peditur, inque pediri, inque peditus, etc.,Lucr. 6, 394; 3, 484; 4, 562; 1149), v. a. in-pes; cf. compedes; lit., to entangle the feet; hence, in gen., to entangle, ensnare, to shackle, hamper, hinder, hold fast (cf.: praepedio, implico, illigo, irretio, illaqueo).
B. Transf., in gen., to clasp, encircle, embrace (mostly poet.): “narrare parantem Impedit amplexu,Ov. M. 2, 433: “nunc decet aut viridi nitidum caput impedire myrto Aut flore,Hor. C. 1, 4, 9: “crines (vitta),Tib. 1, 6, 67; Ov. Am. 3, 6, 56: “cornua sertis,id. M. 2, 868: “remos (hederae),id. ib. 3, 664: “medium crus pellibus,Hor. S. 1, 6, 27: “equos frenis,to bridle, Ov. F. 2, 736: “ingentem clipeum informant ... septenosque orbibus orbes Impediunt,surround, encircle each other, Verg. A. 8, 447: “orbes orbibus,id. ib. 5, 585: “plana novo munimenti genere (with saepire),Curt. 6, 5; cf.: “Antiochus, castris positis, munitionibus insuper saltum impediebat,rendered difficult of access, Liv. 36, 16, 1.—
II. Trop.
B. Transf. (causa pro effectu), to hinder, detain, obstruct, check, prevent, impede (so most freq.; cf.: inhibeo, prohibeo, interdico, veto); constr. with acc., ab, in aliqua re, or the simple abl., ne, quin, quominus, the inf., or absol.; very rarely with dat.
(γ). With ne, quin, quominus.—With ne: “id in hac disputatione de fato casus quidam, ne facerem, impedivit,Cic. Fat. 1, 1; id. Sull. 33, 92.—With quin: “ut nulla re impedirer, quin, si vellem, mihi esset integrum,Cic. Att. 4, 2, 6; Auct. Her. 3, 1, 1.— With quominus: “nec aetas impedit, quominus agri colendi studia teneamus,Cic. de Sen. 17, 60; id. Fin. 1, 10, 33: “quaerere, quae sit tanta formido, quae tot ac tantos viros impediat, quominus, etc.,id. Rosc. Am. 2, 5; id. Fam. 3, 7, 3; 13, 5, 1; id. Att. 3, 22, 1; 13, 25, 2.—
(δ). With inf.: “quid est igitur, quod me impediat ea quae probabilia mihi videantur sequi, quae contra, improbare? etc.,Cic. Off. 2, 2, 8: “me impedit pudor ab aliquo haec exquirere,id. de Or. 1, 35, 163: “ne qua mora ignaros pubemque educere castris Impediat,Verg. A. 11, 21; Ov. P. 1, 1, 21.—(ε) With dat. (in analogy to impedimento esse): novitati non impedit vetus consuetudo, is no hinderance, = obstat (cf. the context), Varr. L. L. 9, § 20 Müll.: inpediat tibi, ne, etc., Schol. Juv. 14, 49.—(ξ) Absol.: “omnia removentur, quae obstant et impediunt,Cic. Ac. 2, 7, 19: “ut omnia quae impediant, vincat intentio,Quint. 10, 3, 28; 12, 10, 55: “de rebus ipsis utere tuo judicionihil enim impedio,Cic. Off. 1, 1, 2; id. Rep. 1, 13: quem video, nisi rei publicae tempora impedient, Εὐπόριστον, id. Att. 7, 1, 7; cf. Quint. 12, 10, 55.—Hence, impĕdītus (inp- ), a, um, P. a., hindered, embarrassed, obstructed, encumbered, burdened, impeded.
A. Of persons: “neque nunc quomodo me expeditum ex impedito faciam, jam consilium placet,Plaut. Epid. 1, 1, 87: inermos armati, impeditos expediti interficiunt, encumbered with baggage, Sisenn. ap. Non. 58, 8; cf.: “impeditis hostibus propter ea quae ferebant onera,Caes. B. G. 3, 19, 2: “agmen,Liv. 43, 23, 1: “itinere impediti,Caes. B. C. 3, 75, 3: “nostri si ab illis initium transeundi (fluminis) fieret, ut impeditos aggrederentur,” i. e. embarrassed with the difficulties of crossing, id. B. G. 2, 9, 1; 1, 12, 3; 2, 10, 2; “2, 23, 1 et saep.: malis domesticis impediti,Cic. Sest. 45, 97: “viden me consiliis tuis miserum impeditum esse?Ter. And. 3, 5, 11.—Comp.: quod, si durior accidisset casus, impeditiores fore videbantur, Auct. B. Alex. 14 fin.
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