previous next
impĕtus (inp- ), ūs (dat. impetu, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 24, 3; no
I.gen. plur.; abl. impetibus, Lucr. 1, 293; v. also impes), m. impeto, an attack, assault, onset (freq. and class.; in sing. and plur. equally common).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “incursio atque impetus armatorum,Cic. Caecin. 15, 44: “gladiis destrictis in eos impetum fecerunt,Caes. B. G. 1, 25, 2: “impetum facere in aliquem,id. ib. 1, 46 fin.; Hirt. B. G. 8, 18, 4: “in agros,Liv. 1, 5, 4: “ad regem,id. 1, 5, 7; cf.: “in hostes,Caes. B. G. 1, 22, 3: “dare impetum in aliquem,Liv. 4, 28, 1; 2, 19, 7: “capere impetum in aliquem,Plin. 9, 30, 48, § 91: “hostes impetu facto celeriter nostros perturbaverunt,Caes. B. G. 4, 12, 1: “oppidum magno impetu oppugnare,id. ib. 2, 6: “primo hostium impetu pulsi,id. ib. 2, 24, 1: “impetus gladiorum excipere,id. ib. 1, 52, 4: “impetum sustinere,id. ib. 3, 2, 4: “ferre impetum,id. ib. 3, 19, 3: “fracto impetu levissimi hominis,Cic. Fam. 1, 5, b, 2: “impetum propulsare,id. Mur. 1, 2: “nec primum quidem impetum, nec secundum, nec tertium, sustinere potuerunt,Flor. 3, 3, 4; Liv. 33, 36, 11: “uno impetu,Curt. 8, 14, 18; Lact. 3, 26, 10; 5, 4, 1: “coërcere,Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 180: “aquarum domare,id. 31, 6, 31, § 58: “nec tantum (cupiditates) in alios caeco impetu incurrunt, etc.,Cic. Fin. 1, 13, 44.— Poet.: biformato impetu Centaurus, with double - shaped attack, Cic. poët. Tusc. 2, 8 fin.; v. biformatus.—
B. In partic.
1. In medic. lang., an attack of a disease, a fit, paroxysm: “febris,Cels. 2, 15: “pituitae,Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 183: “coeliacorum,id. 20, 14, 53, § 148: oculorum, i. e. inflammation, id. 20, 3, 8, § 16: “thymum e vino tumores et impetus tollit,id. 21, 21, 89, § 157; so absol., id. 22, 25, 58, § 122. —
2. In mechanics, the pressure of a load, Vitr. 6, 3.—
II. Transf., in gen. (without reference to an object), violent impulse, violent or rapid motion, impetus, impetuosity, violence, fury, vehemence, vigor, force.
A. Physical: labitur uncta carina, volat super impetus undas, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 379 Vahl.): “in magno impetu maris atque aperto,Caes. B. G. 3, 8, 1: “Hebri,Phaedr. 3, prol. 59: “impetus caeli,” i. e. rapid motion, Cic. N. D. 2, 38, 97; Lucr. 5, 200. — Hence also poet.: quieti corpus nocturno impetu Dedi, in the nocturnal revolution, i. e. in the night, Att. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 22, 44: “impetus ipse animaï Et fera vis venti,Lucr. 6, 591; cf.: “tantos impetus ventorum sustinere,Caes. B. G. 3, 13, 6.—
B. Mental, impulse, vehemence, ardor, passion, etc.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: