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imprōvīsus (inpr- ), a, um, adj. 2. in-provisus,
II. As subst.: imprōvīsum , i, n., that which is unforeseen, an emergency: “dux sibi delectos retinuerat ad improvisa,Tac. H. 5, 16.—Mostly in abl., with de, adverbially, unexpectedly, suddenly: “quasi de improviso respice ad eum,Ter. And. 2, 5, 6; cf. Trabea ap. Cic. Tusc. 4, 31, 67; Cic. Rosc. Am. 52, 151; cf. also Caes. B. C. 2, 6, 3: “de improviso,Ter. And. 2, 2, 23; id. Heaut. 2, 3, 40; id. Ad. 3, 3, 53; 4, 4, 1; id. Phorm. 5, 6, 44; Caes. B. G. 2, 3, 1; 5, 22, 1; 5, 39, 1; 6, 3, 1 et saep. — Less freq. with ex: “ex improviso filiam inveni meam,Plaut. Rud. 4, 5, 2; Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 43, § 112.— Hence, adv., in two forms, imprōvīso (class. ) and imprōvīsē (post-class.), on a sudden, unexpectedly: “improviso filiam inveni (for which, shortly before: ex improviso filiam inveni),Plaut. Rud. 4, 5, 6: “sane homini praeter opinionem improviso incidi,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 74, § 182: “improviso eos in castra irrupisse,id. Div. 1, 24, 50: “tantum adest boni improviso,Plaut. As. 2, 2, 44: “cum mihi nihil improviso evenisset,Cic. Rep. 1, 4; id. Att. 15, 1, A, 1: “scalae improviso, subitusque apparuit ignis,Verg. A. 12, 576; 8, 524: improvise necans incautos morte suprema, Tert. poët. adv. Marc. 2, 12.
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