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incĭdo , cĭdi, cāsum, 3 (
I.fut. part. act. incasurus, Plin. 2, 27, 27, § 97; perf. scanned incĭdĕrunt, Lucr. 6, 1174), v. n. in-cado, to fall into or upon a thing, to fall, light upon (freq. and class.).
I. Lit.
A. In gen., constr. with in and acc.; less freq. with other prepp., with the dat., or absol.
(β). With other prepp.: “incidit ictus Ingens ad terram duplicato poplite Turnus,Verg. A. 12, 926: “(turris) super agmina late incidit,id. ib. 2, 467.—
(γ). With dat.: “incidere portis,to rush into, Liv. 5, 11, 14; 5, 26, 8: “lymphis putealibus,Lucr. 6, 1174: “caput incidit arae,Ov. M. 5, 104: Sagunti ruinae nostris capitibus incident, Liv. 21, 10, 10: “ultimis Romanis,id. 28, 13, 9: “jacenti,Stat. Th. 5, 233: “hi duo amnes confluentes incidunt Oriundi flumini,empty, fall into, Liv. 44, 31, 4: “modo serius incidis (sol) undis,sink, Ov. M. 4, 198.—
(γ). Absol.: “illa (hasta) volans, umeri surgunt qua tegmina summa, incidit,Verg. A. 10, 477: incidit Adriaci spatium admirabile rhombi, i. e. into the fisherman's net, Juv. 4, 39. —
B. In partic., to fall upon, meet, or come upon unexpectedly, fall in with a person or thing.
(β). With inter: “inter catervas armatorum,Liv. 25, 39.—
(δ). With acc. alone (late Lat.): “bene quod meas potissimum manus incidisti,App. M. 6, p. 176, 24; id. ib. p. 179, 4: “fatales laqueos,Vulc. Gall. Avid. Caes. 2, § 2.—
C. Transf., to fall upon, attack, assault: triarii consurgentes ... in hostem incidebant. Liv. 8, 8, 13: “postquam acrius ultimis incidebat Romanus,id. 28, 13, 9.
II. Trop.
A. In gen., to fall into any condition.
(β). With acc. alone: “caecitatem, Ambros. de Tobia, 2: iram,Lact. Plac. Narr. Fab. 1, 10: “amorem,id. ib. 14, 1.—
C. In partic.
3. To fall upon, happen in a certain time.
(β). With acc. alone (late Lat.): “ut menses ... autumnale tempus inciderent,Sol. 1, § 44.—
5. To fall in with, coincide, agree with, in opinion, etc.: “ne ipse incidat in Diodorum, etc.,Cic. Fat. 8, 15.—
6. To stumble upon, undertake at random: “sic existumes non me fortuito ad tuam amplitudinem meis officiis amplectendam incidisse, etc.,Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 3.— Hence in part. pres.: incĭdentĭa , subst., occurrences, events, Amm. 14, 5, 4; 22, 9, 2 al.
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