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incīdo , cīdi, cīsum, 3, v. a. in-caedo,
I.to cut into, cut through, cut open, cut up (class.).
B. Transf.
1. To cut in, to carve, engrave, inscribe on any thing; usually constr. with in and abl.; less freq. with in and acc., the dat., or absol.
(γ). With dat. (poet. and post-Aug.): “verba ceris,Ov. M. 9, 529: “amores arboribus,Verg. E. 10, 53: “fastos marmoreo parieti,Suet. Gramm. 17: “nomen non trabibus aut saxis,Plin. Pan. 54, 7; cf.: “primum aliquid da, quod possim titulis incidere,” i. e. among your titles, Juv. 8, 69.—
(δ). Absol.: “incidebantur jam domi leges,Cic. Mil. 32, 87; cf.: “tabula his litteris incīsa,Liv. 6, 29, 9: “sine delectu morum quisquis incisus est,inscribed, registered, Sen. Ben. 4, 28: “Victorem litteris incisis appellare,Macr. S. 3, 6, 11.—
II. Trop.
A. To break off, interrupt, put an end to: “poëma ad Caesarem, quod institueram, incidi,have broken off, stopped, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 4, § 11: “inciditur omnis jam deliberatio, si intellegitur non posse fieri, ?*!id. de Or. 2, 82, 336; cf. Liv. 32, 37, 5: “tandem haec singultu verba incidente profatur,Stat. Th. 9, 884: “novas lites,Verg. E. 9, 14: “ludum,Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 36: “vocis genus crebro incidens,broken, interrupted, Cic. de Or. 3, 58, 217.—
B. To cut off, cut short, take away, remove: “media,to cut short, Cic. Phil. 2, 19, 47: “qui mihi pinnas inciderant nolunt easdem renasci,id. 4, 2, 5: “Tarquinius spe omni reditus incisā exsulatum Tusculum abiit,cut off, Liv. 2, 15, 7: “spe incisā,id. 3, 58, 6; 35, 31, 7; cf. id. 44, 6, 13; 44, 13, 3: “tantos actus,Sil. 3, 78: “ipsam, quam promimus horam casus incidit,Sen. Ep. 101: “testamentum,to annul, invalidate, Dig. 28, 4, 3.—
C. In rhet., to make by cutting, to cut: “aequaliter particulas,Cic. Or. 61, 205.— Hence,
1. incī-sum , i, n., rhet. t. t. for the Gr. κόμμα, a section or division of a sentence, a clause: quae nescio cur, cum Graeci κόμματα et κῶλα nominent, nos non recte incisa et membra dicamus, Cic. Or. 62, 211 (for which: “incisiones et membra,id. 64, 261): “incisum erit sensus non expleto numero conclusus, plerisque pars membri,Quint. 9, 4, 122; cf. id. ib. 22; 32; 44; 67; 123.—
2. incīsē , adv., in short clauses: “quo pacto deceat incise membratimve dici,Cic. Or. 63, 212; cf. incisim.
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