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in-fringo , frēgi, fractum, 3, v. a. infrango,
I.to break off, to break, bruise, crack.
I. Lit.: “infractis omnibus hastis,Liv. 40, 40, 7: “ut si quis violas riguove papavera in horto Liliaque infringat,Ov. M. 10, 191: “genibusque tumens infringitur unda,Val. Fl. 5, 412: manus, to snap or crack one's fingers, Petr. 17: “articulos,Quint. 11, 3, 158: latus liminibus, to bruise one's side by lying on the threshold, Hor. Epod. 11, 22: infractus remus, appearing broken, in consequence of the refraction of the rays in the water, Cic. Ac. 2, 25; cf.: “infracti radii resiliunt,Plin. 2, 38, 38, § 103: “ossa infracta extrahere,id. 23, 7, 63, § 119.—
B. Transf., to strike one thing against another: digitos citharae, to strike or play upon the lute, Stat. Ach. 1, 575: “alicui colaphum,to give one a box on the ear, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 46; Plin. 8, 36, 54, § 130: “linguam (metu),to stammer, Lucr. 3, 155.—
II. Trop., to break, check, weaken, lessen, diminish, mitigate, assuage: “ut primus incursus et vis militum infringeretur,Caes. B. C. 3, 92: “conatus adversariorum,id. ib. 2, 21: “florem dignitatis,Cic. Balb. 6, 15: “militum gloriam,id. Mil. 2, 5: “animos hostium,Liv. 38, 16: “spem,Cic. Or. 2, 6: “tribunatum alicujus,id. de Or. 1, 7, 24: “vehementius esse quiddam suspicor, quod te infringat,id. Att. 7, 2, 2: “continuam laudem humanitatis,Plin. Ep. 7, 31, 3: “res Samnitium,Liv. 8, 39, 10: “difficultatem,to overcome, Col. 2, 4, 10: “jus consulis,Dig. 34, 9, 5 fin.: “fortia facta suis modis,to weaken, Ov. Tr. 2, 412: “deos precatu,to appease by entreaties, Stat. Ach. 1, 144: “infringitur ille quasi verborum ambitus,Cic. de Or. 3, 48, 186: “infringendis concidendisque numeris,id. Or. 69, 230: “vocem de industria,purposely to make plaintive, Sen. Contr. 3, 19.—
B. To destroy, make void, break: “quoniam haec gloriatio non infringetur in me,Vulg. 2 Cor. 11, 10: “legem,ib. 1 Macc. 1, 66. — Hence, infractus , a, um, P. a., broken, bent.
2. Trop., broken, exhausted, weakened, subdued.
a. In gen.: “infractos animos gerere,Liv. 7, 31, 6: “nihil infractus Appii animus,id. 2, 59, 4: “oratio submissa et infracta,id. 38, 14: “infractae ad proelia vires,Verg. A. 9, 499: “veritas,falsified, Tac. H. 1, 1: “fides metu infracta,shaken, id. ib. 3, 42: “tributa,diminished, id. ib. 4, 57: “potentia matris,id. A. 13, 12: “fama,injured reputation, Verg. A. 7, 332; Tac. H. 2, 22: “Latini,broken, Verg. A. 12, 1.—
b. Diluted: “fel aqua infractum,Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 186.—
c. In partic., of speech, broken off: “infracta et amputata loqui,broken, unconnected, Cic. Or. 51, 170: “infracta loquela,broken talk, baby - talk, Lucr. 5, 230: “cum vocem ejus (delicati) infractam videret,effeminate, Gell. 3, 5, 2: “vocibus delinitus infractis,Arn. 4, 141.
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