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jūdex , ĭcis, com. (f.:
I.et sumus, ut fateor, tam saevā judice sontes,Luc. 10, 368; cf. 227; Ov. M. 2, 428; 8, 24; Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 91; Petr. poët. 122, v. 174 al.) [jus-, 2. dico], a judge (class.).
I. Lit.: “judex, quod judicat acceptā potestate,Varr. L. L. 6, § 61 Müll.: “verissimus judex,Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 84: “nequam et levis,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 12, § 30: “sanctissimus et justissimus plurimarum rerum,id. Planc. 13, 32: “severissimi atque integerrimi,Cic. Verr. 1, 10, 30: “apud judices causam agere,id. de Or. 2, 48, 199: “habere aliquem judicem de re quapiam,id. Caecin. 17, 48: “sedere judicem in aliquem,id. Clu. 38, 105: “esse judicem de re pecuniaria,id. ib. 43, 120: “aequum se judicem rei alicui praebere,id. Fam. 5, 2, 10: “judici litem committere,Petr. 80: judicem ferre alicui, to offer or propose a judge to any one, which was done by the plaintiff: “ni ita esset, multi privatim ferebant Volscio judicem,Liv. 3, 24: “cum ei M. Flaccus, multis probris objectis, P. Mucium judicem tulisset,Cic. de Or. 2, 70, 285: judicem dicere, to name a judge, which was done by a defendant who was willing to submit the cause to a trial, Liv. 3, 56: dare judicem, to grant a judge, this was done by the prætor, who proposed the judges from whom the parties made their selection, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 12, § 30; Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 5; Dig. 4, 4, 18: judices petere, to solicit judges, i. e. to ask that the cause be tried, not before the Senate, but before the ordinary judges, Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 2.—Sometimes judex stands for consul: “omnes Quirites, ite ad conventionem huc ad judices,Varr. L. L. 6, § 88 Müll.—
II. Trop., a judge, decider, umpire in any matter: “cape, opsecro hercle, una cum eo judicem,Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 30, Lorenz ad loc.: “aequissimus eorum studiorum existimator et judex,Cic. Fin. 3, 2, 6: “non ego Daphnim Judice te metuam,Verg. E. 2, 27; cf.: “judice me,in my judgment, Juv. 8, 188: “se judice,id. 13, 3: “judice te non sordidus auctor,Hor. C. 1, 28, 14: “grammatici certant et adhuc sub judice lis est,id. A. P. 78: “bonus atque fidus,id. C. 4, 9, 41: “sermonum candide,id. Ep. 1, 4, 1: “judex morum,” i. e. a censor, Juv. 4, 12.
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