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jungo , nxi, nctum, 3, v. a. Sanscr. jug, junagmi, to unite; juk, joined; Goth. juk; O. H. Germ. joh, joch; Gr. ζυγ, ζεύγνυμι, ζυγός, ζυγόν,
I.to join or unite together, connect, attach, fasten, yoke, harness.
I. Lit.
A. In gen.
1. With acc.: “Narcissum et florem anethi,Verg. E. 2, 48: “pontes et propugnacula,id. A. 9, 170: “nemoris carentia sensu robora,Claud. B. G. 17: “gradus,to close the ranks, Sil. 4, 372: “montes,to heap up, Val. Fl. 1, 198: “ostia,to shut, Juv. 9, 105; cf.: “junctas quatere fenestras,Hor. C. 1, 25, 1: “oscula,to exchange, Ov. M. 2, 357; cf. id. Am. 2, 5, 59; Petr. 67: “da jungere dextram,to clasp, Verg. A. 6, 697: “cur dextrae jungere dextram non datur,id. ib. 1, 408; cf.: “quas junximus hospitio dextras,id. ib. 3, 83; “11, 165: duos sinus,Plin. 5, 29, 31, § 116: “juncto ponte milites transmittit,Tac. A. 1, 49.—So with abl. of means or manner: “Ticinum ponte,to span, Liv. 21, 45, 1: “amnem ponte,Plin. 5, 24, 21, § 86: “ratibus flumen,to bridge, Liv. 21, 47, 2; cf.: “qui biduo vix locum rate jungendo flumini inventum tradunt,id. 21, 47, 6: “eo omnia vallo et fossa,id. 38, 4, 6: “plumbum nigrum albo,Plin. 33, 5, 30, § 94; cf.: “nam calamus cera jungitur,Tib. 2, 5, 32: “illos defendit numerus junctaeque umbone phalanges,Juv. 2, 46: “erga juncta est mihi foedere dextra,Verg. A. 8, 169: “Pompei acies junxerat in seriem nexis umbonibus arma,Luc. 7, 453. —
B. Esp.
1. To harness, yoke, attach.
(α). Of animals: angues ingentes alites juncti jugo, Pac. ap. Cic. Inv. 1, 19, 27 (Trag. v. 397 Rib.): “junge pares,” i. e. in pairs, Verg. G. 3, 169; Grat. Cyneg. 263: “nec jungere tauros norant,Verg. A. 8, 316: “currus et quatuor equos,id. G. 3, 114: “grypes equis,id. E. 8, 27 Forbig.: “curru jungit Halaesus Equos,id. A. 7, 724: “leones ad currum,Plin. 8, 16, 21, § 54: “mulis e proximo pistrino ad vehiculum junctis,Suet. Caes. 31.—
2. Of wounds, etc., to join, bring together, unite, heal: “ego vulnera doctum jungere Etiona petam,Stat. Th. 10, 733: “parotidas suppuratas,Scrib. Comp. 206: “oras (tumoris),Cels. 7, 17, 1: “oras vulneris,id. 5, 4, 23 al.
3. Of lands, territories, etc.: “juncta pharetratis Sarmatis ora Getis,adjoining, Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 110; cf.: “juncta Aquilonibus Arctos,id. M. 2, 132: “quibus (campis) junctae paludes erant,Front. Strat. 2, 5, 6; Vell. 2, 110, 4: “fundos Apuliae,to add, join to, Petr. 77: “longos jungere fines agrorum,Luc. 1, 167.—
4. To connect in time, cause to follow immediately: “cum diei noctem pervigilem junxisset,Just. 12, 13, 7: “somnum morti,Petr. 79: “vidit hic annus Ventidium consularem praetextam jungentem praetoriae,Vell. 2, 65, 3: “nulla natio tam mature consino belli bellum junxit,id. 2, 110, 5: “junge, puer, cyathos, atque enumerare labora,Stat. S. 1, 5, 10: “laborem difficilius est repetere quam jungere,to resume than to continue, Plin. Ep. 4, 9, 10.—So of pronunciation: “si jungas (opp. interpunctis quibusdam),Quint. 9, 4, 108.—
5. Milit. t. t., of troops, an army, etc., to join, unite: “cum juncti essent,Liv. 25, 35; 25, 37: “exercitum Pompei sibi,Vell. 2, 80, 1: “junctis exercitious,Vell. 2, 113, 1: “cum collegae se junxisset,Front. Strat. 1, 1, 9; so, “exercitum,id. ib. 1, 2, 9: “Ajacem naves suas Atheniensibus junxisse,Quint. 5, 11, 40.—
6. To add, give in addition: “commoda praeterea jungentur multa caducis,Juv. 9, 89.—
7. In mal. part.: “corpora,Ov. M. 10, 464: “turpia corpora,id. H. 9, 134: tu mihi juncta toro, id. F. 3, 511; id. R. Am. 408: “si jungitur ulla Ursidio,Juv. 6, 41; 6, 448; cf. “Venerem,Tib. 1, 9, 76; Ov. H. 353; id. R. Am. 407.
II. Transf.
B. Esp.
1. Of persons, to join, unite, bring together, associate, in love, marriage, relationship, etc.: “cum impari,Liv. 1, 46: “cum pare,Ov. F. 4, 98: “alicujus filiam secum matrimonio,Curt. 5, 3, 12: “si tibi legitimis pactam junctamque tabellis non es amaturus,Juv. 6, 200: “juncta puella viro,Ov. A. A. 1, 682; id. Tr. 2, 284. —Of animals, etc.: “Appulis jungentur capreae lupis,Hor. C. 1, 33, 8: “variis albae junguntur columbac,Ov. H. 15, 37: “unaque nos sibi operā amicos junget,Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 32: “ut quos certus amor junxit,Ov. M. 4, 156: “amicos,Hor. S. 1, 3, 54: “Geminum mecum tua in me beneficia junxerunt,Plin. Ep. 10, 26, 1: “puer puero junctus amicitia,Ov. P. 4, 3, 12.—Esp., of a treaty, alliance, etc.: “si populus Romanus foedere jungeretur regi,Liv. 26, 24; Just. 15, 4, 24. —
2. Of things, to make by joining, enter into: “pacem cum Aenea, deinde adfinitatem,Liv. 1, 1: “nova foedera,id. 7, 30: “cum Hispanis amicitiam,Just. 43, 5, 3: “societatem cum eo metu potentiae ejus,id. 22, 2, 6: “foedus cum eo amicitiamque,Liv. 24, 48; 23, 33: “juncta societas Hannibali,id. 24, 6: “foedera,id. 7, 30: “jungendae societatis gratia,Just. 20, 4, 2.—
3. Of words, etc., to join, unite.
(α). Esp., gram. t. t.: verba jungere, to make by joining, to compound: “jungitur verbum ex corrupto et integro, ut malevolus,Quint. 1, 5, 68: “in jungendo aut in derivando,id. 8, 3, 31; so, “juncta verba,Cic. Or. 56, 186; id. Part. Or. 15, 53.—
(β). To connect so as to sound agreeably: “quantum interest ... verba eadem qua compositione vel in textu jungantur vel in fine claudantur,Quint. 9, 4, 15.—Hence, P. a.: junc-tus , a, um, joined, united, connected, associated: “in opere male juncto,Quint. 12, 9, 17.—Comp.: “causa fuit propior et cum exitu junctior,Cic. Fat. 16, 36.—Sup.: “junctissimus illi comes,most attached, Ov. M. 5, 69: “principum prosperis et alii fruantur: adversae ad junctissimos pertineant,their nearest of kin, Tac. H. 4, 52.
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