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jūro , āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and
I.a., and jūror , ātus, 1, v. dep. 2. jus, to swear, to take an oath.
I. In gen., absol.: “cui si aram tenens juraret, crederet nemo,Cic. Fl. 36, 90: “cum ille mihi nihil, nisi ut jurarem, permitteret,id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: “cum enim faciles sint nonnulli hominum ad jurandum,Dig. 28, 7, 8: “posteaquam juratum est, denegatur actio,ib. 12, 2, 9: “ex animi tui sententia jurāris,Cic. Off. 3, 29, 108.— With inf., Sil. 2, 3, 51; Claud. B. Get. 81; Dig. 12, 2, 13, § 5.—With nom. and inf., poet., Prop. 3, 4, 40.—With acc. and inf.: “jurat, se eum non deserturum,Caes. B. C. 3, 13: “se non reversurum,id. ib. 3, 87: “jurarem ... me et ardere studio veri reperiendi,Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 65: “nisi victores se redituros jurant,Liv. 2, 45: “Boeotum in crasso jurares aëre natum,Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 244: “falsum,to swear falsely, Cic. Off. 3, 29, 108: “vere,to swear truly, id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: “jurarem per Jovem,by Jupiter, id. Ac. 2, 20, 65: “per supremi regis regnum,Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 211; Verg. A. 9, 300: “per solis radios,Juv. 13, 78; 6, 16.—Also with simple acc. of the being or object sworn by (mostly poet.): “Terram, Mare, Sidera,Verg. A. 12, 197; 6, 324: “quomodo tibi placebit Jovem lapidem jurare, cum scias?Cic. Fam. 7, 12, 2: “quaevis tibi numina,Ov. H. 16, 319: “Samothracum aras,Juv. 3, 144.—Hence also pass.: “dis juranda palus,the Styx, by which the gods swear, Ov. M. 2, 46; cf.: “Stygias juravimus undas,id. ib. 2, 101: “Junonis numina,Tib. 4, 13, 15: “caput,Sil. 8, 106.— Rarely with acc. of the fact sworn to: “morbum,” i. e. to swear to the fact of sickness, Cic. Att. 1, 1, 1; cf.: “jurata pacta,Sil. 2, 274: “ex mei animi sententia,with sincerity, without reservation, Liv. 22, 53, 10; so, “ex nostri animi sententia,Quint. 8, 5, 1; cf. Liv. 43, 15, 8; Gell. 4, 20, 3: alicui aliquid, to vow or promise to one, Stat. Th. 4, 396: “sacramenta deis,Sil. 10, 448: “alicui jurare,to swear allegiance to, Plin. Pan. 68, 4: in verba, to swear with certain words, i. e. to take a prescribed form of oath: “Petreius in haec verba jurat,Caes. B. C. 1, 76: “cur in certa verba jurent,Cic. Inv. 2, 45, 132: “milites in verba P. Scipionis jurarunt,Liv. 28, 29; 7, 5; 6, 22: “in haec verba jures postulo,in this form of words, id. 22, 53, 12: “in verba magistri,to echo his sentiments, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 14: “in verba ejus,Suet. Galb. 16: “in verba Vitellii,id. Oth. 8: idem deinceps omnis exercitus in se quisque jurat, i. e. each soldier took the oath separately; “whereas the usual practice was that one man uttered the entire oath, and the others only added, idem in me,Liv. 2, 45, 14: “in litem,to make oath respecting the matter in dispute, to appraise under oath, Cic. Rosc. Com. 1, 4; Dig. 4, 3, 18; 8, 5, 7 al.: “in nomen alicujus,to swear allegiance to one, Suet. Claud. 10: “in legem,to swear to observe a law, Cic. Sest. 16, 37: “verissimum pulcherrimumque jusjurandum,to take an oath, id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: “sacramenta,Sil. 10, 447; cf.: “sceleri jurato nefando sacramenta,Luc. 4, 228.—With de and abl.: “de sua persona,in one's own behalf, Dig. 44, 5, 1, § 3: “de calumnia,to clear one's self of calumny under oath, ib. 12, 2, 16; 2, 8, 8, § 5.— Pass. impers.: “scis, tibi ubique jurari,Plin. Pan. 68: ne in acta sua juraretur, Suet Tib. 26.—
II. In partic., to conspire (cf. conjuro); with inf.: jurarunt inter se barbaros necare, Cato ap. Plin. 29, 1, 7, § 14: “in me jurarunt somnus, ventusque, fidesque,Ov. H. 10, 117: “in facinus,id. M. 1, 242.—Hence, jūrātus , a, um, P. a.
A. Pass.
1. Called upon or taken to witness in an oath: “numina,Ov. H. 2, 25.—
2. Under an oath, bound by an oath: “Regulus juratus missus est ad senatum, ut, etc.,Cic. Off. 3, 26, 99: “quamvis jurato metuam tibi credere testi,Juv. 5, 5.—
B. Act., having sworn, that has sworn: “nam injurato scio plus credet mihi quam jurato tibi,Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 281; id. As. 1, 1, 8: “haec, quae juratus in maxima contione dixi,Cic. Sull. 11: “in eadem arma,Ov. M. 13, 50.—Sup.: juratissimi auctores, the most trustworthy, Plin. H. N. praef. § 22. —Adv.: jūrātō , with an oath, under oath (post-class.): “promittere,Dig. 2, 8, 16.
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