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laxo , āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. (rarely n.; v. I. B. 2. β. and II. B. β. infra) [id.],
I.to stretch out, extend, to make wide or roomy, to expand.
B. Transf.
1. To open, undo, unloose (syn. solvo): “vincula epistolae laxavit,Nep. Paus. 4: “nodos Herculeos,Luc. 4, 632: “ubi dolor vocem laxaverat,had loosened his voice, Just. 42, 4, 13: “claustra,Verg. A. 2, 259: “claustra portarum,Juv. 8, 261: “intestina,Plin. 8, 36, 54, § 129.—
2. To slacken, relax: “laxare arcum,to slacken, unbend, Phaedr. 3, 14, 11: “excussos rudentes,Verg. A. 3, 267: “laxantur corpora rugis,become flabby with wrinkles, Ov. A. A. 3, 73: “laxatis habenis invehi jussit,Curt. 4, 9, 24; 4, 15, 3: “laxatisque vinculis ... ostendit manum,Just. 14, 4, 1: “se cutis arida laxet,Juv. 6, 144: “oleum ad nervos laxandos utile est,Plin. 23, 8, 80, § 157: “corpus velut laxatum,Petr. 82: “ferrum,to smelt, Stat. Achill. 1, 429.—
(β). Neutr.: “crebris fluctibus compages operis verberatae laxavere,were loosened, opened, Curt. 4, 3, 6.—
3. To lighten, ease: “pharetra graves laxavit umeros,Sen. Herc. Oet. 787.—
II. Trop.
A. To lighten, relieve, unbend, recreate (syn.: levo, libero): a contentione disputationis animos curamque laxemus, Cic. de Or. 3, 61, 230: “judicum animos atque a severitate ad hilaritatem traducere,id. Brut. 93, 322: “animum ab assiduis laboribus,Liv. 32, 5: ut istis te molestiis laxes, release yourself, Luc. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 14, 3.—
B. To relax, mitigate, moderate, abate, weaken: “alicui laxare aliquid laboris,Liv. 9, 16: “vix primos inopina quies laxaverat artus,Verg. A. 5, 187: “placida laxarant membra quiete ... nautae,id. ib. 5, 836: “subtile examen justitiae,Gell. 1, 3: “iram,Stat. Th. 6, 831: nigrantes tenebras id. ib. 12, 254: “paulatim temeritate laxata,Petr. 82: “longiore dierum spatio laxare dicendi necessitatem,to prolong, delay, defer, Quint. 10, 5, 22: “memoriae inhaeret fldelius, quod nulla scribendi securitate laxatur,id. 10, 6, 2: “rarescit multo laxatus vulnere miles,weakened, Sil. 17, 422.—To lay open, disclose, reveal (poet.): “fata latentia laxa,Stat. Achill. 1, 508.—
(β). To reduce the price of: “annonam,Liv. 2, 34, 12; so neutr., to lessen, fall in price: “annona laxaverat,Liv. 26, 20.—laxātus , a, um, P. a., spread out, separated, extended, wide.
A. Lit.: “custodiae,” i. e. separated, withdrawn, Liv. 21, 32 fin.: “custodia,Petr. 112: “membrana laxatior,Plin. 19, 1, 3, § 17: “laxati ordines (aciei),Tac. H. 3, 25; Sil. 9, 364: “corpore laxati,released from the body, Cic. Rep. 6, 15 fin.
B. Trop.: “libidinum vinculis laxati,released, freed, free, Cic. de Sen. 3, 7: “laxatus curis,id. Tusc. 1, 19, 44: “pugna,a battle broken off, Liv. 21, 59: “nox,” i. e. clear, Sil. 13, 550.
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