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laedo , si, sum, 3, v. a. perh. for lavido, root lu-; cf.: luo, solvo, and Germ. los-,
I.to hurt by striking, wound, injure, damage (syn.: saucio, vulnero).
I. Lit.: “lora laedunt bracchia,Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 9: “lembus ille mihi laedit latus,id. Bacch. 2, 3, 47: “tua laesuro subtrahe colla,Ov. R. Am. 90: “frondes laedit hiems,id. F. 6, 150: “teneros laedunt prima juga juvencos,id. H. 4, 21; cf.: “thymum laeditur imbribus,Plin. 21, 10, 31, § 56: “aliquem vulnere,Ov. M. 4, 601: “quid me dente captas laedere?Phaedr. 4, 8, 6: “ferro retunso Semina,Verg. G. 2, 301: “salsā laedit rubigine ferrum,id. ib. 2, 220: servum aliqua parte corporis, Gai Inst. 3, 219.—Poet.: “collum,” i. e. to hang one's self, Hor. C. 3, 27, 60: “laesus nube dies,” i. e. darkened, Luc. 5, 456.—
II. Trop., to trouble, annoy, vex, injure, offend, afflict, grieve, hurt: “dicto, facto,Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 53: “injuste neminem laesit,Cic. Mur. 40, 87: “non minus nos stultitia illius sublevat, quam laedit improbitas,id. Caecin. 9, 23: “aliquem perjurio suo,to attack, id. ib. 10, 28: “Pisonem,to rail at, id. de Or. 2, 70, 285: “nulli os,to offend no one to his face, Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 10: “tua me infortunia laedunt,Hor. A. P. 103: “tristi laedere versu scurram,id. S. 2, 1, 21: te a me ludibrio laesum iri, Cic. Fil. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 1, 1: “quae laedunt oculum, demere,Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 38; 1, 17, 8.—Absol.: “quia laesit prior,Ter. Eun. prol. 6: “nec laedere nec violari,Lucr. 5, 1020.—
B. Esp.
1. Of pledged faith, one's word, agreement, etc., to break, violate, betray: “fidem,Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 111; Caes. B. C. 2, 44: “cur tibi junior laesa praeniteat fide,Hor. C. 1, 33, 4: “laesi testatur foederis aras,Verg. A. 12, 496: “laesae vulnera pacis,Petr. 119.—
2. Of reputation, to harm, injure: “famam alicujus gravi opprobrio,Suet. Caes. 49.—
3. Freq. of an offended divinity: “quo numine laeso,Verg. A. 1, 8; 2, 183: “tu magnorum numen laesura deorum,Hor. Epod. 15, 3: “ego laedor,Ov. M. 1, 608: “Veneris numina,Tib. 1, 3, 79; 3, 6, 26: “superos,Luc. 7, 848.—
4. Of circumstances: “res laesae,disaster, misfortune, Sil. 11, 6, 5.—Esp., in the phrase laedere majestatem, to commit treason (late Lat., v. also majestas): “laesae majestatis arcessere maritum,Amm. 16, 8, 4: “laesae crimina majestatis,id. 19, 12, 1; 21, 12, 19; so, “laedere majestatem populi Romani,Sen. Contr. 4, 25, 13.
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