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mănĭpŭlus (sync. mănīplus , in poets; plur.:
I.inter manipula,Spart. Hadrian. 10), i, m. manus-pleo, plenus, a handful, a bundle.
II. Transf.
A. = ἁλτῆρες, pieces of metal held in the hand during gymnastic exercises, to increase the momentum of a leap or stroke, Cael. Aur. Tard. 5, 2, 38.—
B. Because the ancient Romans adopted a pole, with a handful of hay or straw twisted about it, as the standard of a company of soldiers; in milit. lang., a certain number of soldiers belonging to the same standard, a company, maniple; generally applied to infantry, and only by way of exception to cavalry: “miles pulcre centuriatus est expuncto in manipulo,Plaut. Curc. 4, 4, 29: “pertica suspensos portabat longa maniplos: Unde maniplaris nomina miles habet,Ov. F. 3, 117: “adeo ut iidem ordines, manipulique constarent,Caes. B. C. 2, 28: “manipulos laxare,id. B. G. 2, 25: “continere ad signa manipulos,id. ib. 6, 33: “in legione sunt manipuli triginta,Gell. 16, 4, 6.—Of cavalry: “infrenati manipli,Sil. 4, 316: App. M. 9, p. 221, 5.—Comically: manipulus farum, a troop, band, Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 6.
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