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mās , măris (n. mare, rare;
I.gen. plur marium, Cic. Part. Or. 10, 35; Mel. 3, 9, 5), adj. prob. from Sanscr. root man, think; manus, man, human being; cf.: memini, moneo, etc., male, masculine, of the male sex: “mare et femineum sexus,App. de Mund. p. 66 med.: “maribus (sc. diis),Cic. Leg. 2, 12, 29: “si marem (anguem) emisisset ... si feminam, etc.,id. Div. 1, 18, 36; id. Part. Or. 10; so, “emissio maris anguis (opp. emissio feminae anguis),id. Div. 2, 29, 62: mas vitellus, a male yolk, i. e. which would produce a male chick, Hor. S. 2, 4, 14.—Of plants: “ure mares oleas,Ov. F. 4, 741.—
B. Transf., masculine, manly, brave (poet.): “quod mares homines amant,Plaut. Poen. 5, 5, 32: “maribus Curiis,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 64: “animi,id. A. P. 402: “male mas,unmanly, effeminate, Cat. 16, 13: “atque marem strepitum fidis intendisse Latinae,” i. e. a manly, noble strain, Pers. 6, 4.—As subst.: mās , māris, a male (opp. femina, v. infra).
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