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maerĕo (moer- ), ēre (maerui, Prisc. 8, p. 817; Vop. Carus, 1, 4;
I.part. gen. plur. maerentūm, Verg. A. 11, 216; dep. collat. form dub., Matius ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 95 Müll., where, for maerebar and mirabar of the MSS., Müller reads maerebat; and Cic. Sest. 39, 84, where, for maerebamini, the best MSS. have maerebatis), v. n. and a. [root mis; Gr. μῖσος, μισέω; Lat. miser; cf. moestus].
I. Neutr., to be sad or mournful, to mourn, grieve, lament (class.; cf.: “doleo, lugeo, angor): cum immolanda Iphigenia tristis Calchas esset, maestior Ulixes, maereret Menelaüs,Cic. Or. 22, 74: nemo maeret suo incommodo; “dolent fortasse et anguntur,mourns over his own misfortune, id. Tusc. 1, 13, 30: “cum omnes boni abditi inclusique maererent,id. Pis. 9 fin.: “vos taciti maerebatis,id. Sest. 39, 84: “homines alienis bonis maerentes,id. Balb. 25, 56: qui (amici) tuo dolore maerent, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 6: “maereat haec genero, maereat illa viro,Tib. 3, 2, 14: “sedatio maerendi,Cic. Tusc. 3, 27, 65: “intellectumque nihil profici maerendo,id. ib. § 64.— Impers. pass.: “maeretur, fletur, lamentatur diebus plusculis,App. M. 4, p. 157, 34.—
II. Act., to mourn over, bemoan, lament, bewail any thing (class.): “filii mortem,Cic. Tusc. 1, 48, 115; 1, 44, 105: “mortem perditorum civium,id. Sest. 17, 39: “rei publicae calamitatem,id. ib. 14, 32: “casum ejusmodi,id. Fam. 14, 2, 2: “illud maereo,id. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 10: “talia maerens,thus lamenting, Ov. M. 1, 664.—
(β). With acc. and inf.: “qui patriam nimium tarde concidere maererent,Cic. Sest. 11, 25: corpora Graiorum maerebat mandier igni, Matius ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 95 Müll. N. cr.—Hence, maerens (moer- ), entis, P. a., mourning, lamenting, mournful, sad: maerentes, flentes, lacrimantes, commiserantes, Enn. ap. Diom. p. 442 P. (Ann. v. 107 Vahl.): “quis Sullam nisi maerentem, demissum, afflictumque vidit?Cic. Sull. 26, 74: “hunc cum afflictum, debilitatum, maerentem viderem,id. de Or. 2, 47, 195: “nunc domo maerens ad rem publicam confugere possum,id. Fam. 4, 6, 2: “interque maerentes amicos Egregius properaret exsul,Hor. C. 3, 5, 47: “dictis maerentia pectora mulcet,Verg. A. 1, 197: “fletus maerens,mournful lamentation, Cic. Tusc. 1, 13, 30.—Sup.: mater maerentissima, Inscr. Mur. 1229, 7.
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