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mĭsĕrĕo , ŭi, ĭtum, 2, v. n. and mĭsĕ-rĕor , ĭtus, 2 (
I.inf. pres. misererier, Lucr. 5, 1023; ante- and post-class. part. perf. misertus for miseritus, Scip. Afric. ap. Macr. S. 2, 10; Hyg. Fab. 58), v. dep. miser, to feel pity, have compassion, to pity, compassionate, commiserate.
I. In the verb. finit. (in the act. form only ante-class.).
(α). Form misereo: “piaculumst miserere nos hominum rem male gerentum,Plaut. Truc. 2, 1, 13: miserete anuis, Enn. ap. Non. 474, 30 (Trag. v. 232 Vahl.): cogebant hostes, ut misererent, id. ap. Prisc. p. 824 P.: “ipse sui miseret,Lucr. 3, 881.—
(β). Form misereor (class.): “miseremini sociorum,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 28, § 72: “postulat, ut sui misereantur,Auct. Her. 1, 14, 24: miserere temporis, Caecin. ap. Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 1: nescio qui nostri miseritus tandem deus, Afran. ap. Gell. 20, 6, 5: “deos miseritos nominis Romani,Liv. 27, 33 fin.: “cum misereri mei debent,Cic. Att. 4, 5, 2: “laborum tantorum,Verg. A. 2, 143: “miserere mei, miserere meorum,Ov. H. 12, 81: “miserere inopum sociorum,Juv. 8, 89.—With dat.: “cui Venus postea miserta est,Hyg. Fab. 58; Diom. p. 294 P. —With acc. (dub.): “tot miserere animas,Grat. Cyneg. 440 (al. miserare).—Impers. pass.: “ut supplicum misereatur,that we should feel pity for suppliants, Cic. Inv. 1, 30, 48.—
II. Impers.: miseret and (less freq.) miseretur me alicujus and alicujus rei, it distresses me, I feel pity or compassion for a person or thing.
(α). Form miseret: miseret me eādem formā dicitur, quā piget, poenitet, taedet, Paul. ex Fest. p. 123 Müll.: tui me miseret, mei piget, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 31, 66 (Trag. v. 82 Vahl.); cf.: quos non miseret neminis, id. ap. Fest. p. 162 Müll. (Trag. v. 174 ib.): “miseret et aliorum, tui te nec miseret nec pudet,Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 30: “eorum nos miseret,Cic. Mil. 34, 92: “neque te mei tergi misereret, si, etc.,Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 25: “nilne te miseret,id. ib. 1, 3, 74.—
(β). Form miseretur, miseritum (misertum) est: patris me miseretur, Turp. ap. Non. 477, 15: neque me minus vestri quam mei miserebitur, L. Crassus ap. Prisc. p. 824: quando te nostrum et reipublicae miserebitur? Quadrig. ap. Gell. 20, 6, 11: “cave te fratrum pro fratris salute obsecrantium misereatur,Cic. Lig. 5, 14, acc. to Prisc. p. 797 P. (Klotz, misereat): “neque metui, neque tuorum liberum misereri potest,id. Verr. 2, 1, 30, § 77 Zumpt N. cr.: “me ejus miseritum'st,Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 29: quo me reipublicae maxime misertum est, Scip. Afric. ap. Macr. S. 2, 10.—With gen.: miseretur tui, Pac. ap. Non. 477, 16.
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