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mŏnĕo , ŭi, ĭtum, 2 (
I.inf. pres. pass. monerier, Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 36; perf. subj. moneris pro monueris, Pac. ap. Non. 507, 24 sq.; cf. Trag. Rel. p. 66 Rib.; likewise: di monerint meliora, Pac. ap. Non. l. l. p. 74 Rib.), v. a. causative from the root men; whence memini, q. v., mens, mentio; lit. to cause to think.
I. Lit., to remind, put in mind of, bring to one's recollection; to admonish, advise, warn, instruct, teach (syn.: hortor, suadeo, doceo): bene mones; tute ipse cunctas, Enn. ap. Non. 469, 25 (Com. v. 3 Vahl.): “ea (auctoritas) adhibeatur ad monendum non modo aperte, sed etiam acriter,Cic. Lael. 13, 44: “melius nos Zenonis praecepta monent,Juv. 15, 107.—
(δ). Aliquem alicujus rei (post-Aug., and only in Tac.; cf.: “admoneo, commonefacio): Caecina milites temporis ac necessitatis monet,Tac. A. 1, 67 Nipperd. ad loc.: “Plancinam Augusta monuit Agrippinam insectandi,id. ib. 2, 43.— (ε) With ut, ne, or the simple subj.: “monere te atque hortari, ut in rem publicam incumberes,Cic. Fam. 10, 1, 2: “monet ut suspiciones vitet,Caes. B. G. 1, 20: moneo, praedico, ante denuntio, abstineant, manus Cic. Verr. 1, 12, 36: “moneo obtestorque ut, etc.,Sall. J. 10, 3; 49, 2; id. H. 4, 61, 23: “vos, ne amittatis, etc.,id. J. 31, 25: “Macedonas monebat, ne multitudine hostium ... moverentur,Just. 11, 13: “quamquam edicto monuisset ne quis quietem ejus interrumperet,Tac. A. 4, 67 init.—(ξ) With an object- or rel.-clause: “(Caesar) monuit ejus diei victoriam in earum cohortium virtute constare,Caes. B. C. 3, 89, 4: “moneret rationem frumenti esse habendam,Hirt. B. G. 8, 34: “Cerealis propinquos monebat fortunam belli mutare, etc.,Tac. H. 5, 24: “Arminius colligi suos et propinquare silvis monitos vertit,id. A. 1, 63: “ultro struebantur qui monerent perfugere ad Germaniae exercitus,id. ib. 4, 67 fin.: “Radamistum obpugnationem celerare,id. ib. 12, 46; 13, 37; 16, 11; id. H. 4, 33: “si te unum illud monuerimus, artem sine assiduitate dicendi non multum juvare,Auct. Her. 1, 1, 1: “moneo, quid facto opus sit,Ter. Ad. 3, 4, 65: “res monet cavere, consultare,Sall. C. 52, 3: “alio properare tempus monet,id. J. 19, 2.—Pass.: “cum Nicanorem insidiari Piraeo a Dercillo moneretur,Nep. Phoc. 2, 4.—
II. Transf. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
A. Without the accessory notion of reminding or admonishing, in gen., to teach, instruct, tell, inform, point out; also, to announce, predict, foretell: “tu vatem, tu diva, mone,instruct thy bard, Verg. A. 7, 42: “velut divinitus mente monitā,Liv. 26, 19: “hoc moneas precor,Ov. F. 4, 247: “amici somnio monitus,Suet. Aug. 91: “reddebant parvuli, quae monebantur,what they were taught, Plin. Pan. 26: “vates Helenus cum multa horrenda moneret,announced, foretold, Verg. A. 3, 712; cf.: “ante sinistra cavā monuisset ab ilice cornix, etc.,id. E. 9, 15: “quid augurales alites vel cantus monerent,Amm. 28, 1: “recte monemur, causas non utique ab ultimo esse repetendas,Quint. 5, 10, 83.—
B. To punish, chastise (only in Tacitus): “puerili verbere moneri,Tac. A. 5, 9.
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