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mūto , āvi, ātum (arch.
I.subj. mutassis, Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 49; inf. pass. mutarier, id. Men. prol. 74), 1, v. a. and n. freq. [moveo].
I. Prop., to move, to move away or from its place, to move to a place (rare): “neque se luna quoquam mutat,does not move, does not budge, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 117: illa tamen se Non habitu mutatve loco, does not quit her dress or her dwelling, Hor. S. 2, 7, 64: “ne quis invitus civitate mutetur,be forced to leave, be driven from, Cic. Balb. 13, 30: “hinc dum muter,if I can only get away from here, Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 73.—
II. Transf.
A. Of change in the thing spoken of itself.
1. In gen.
a. Act., to alter, change a thing (freq. and class.; cf. “vario): sententiam mutare numquam,Cic. Mur 29, 61: ego rogatus mutavi consilium meum. id. Fam. 4, 4, 4: “consuetudinem dicendi,id. Brut. 91, 314: “mentes vestras voluntatesque,id. Prov. Cons. 10, 25: “cum testamentum mutare cuperet,id. Clu. 11, 31: propositum. Petr. 116: “ne haec mutet fidem,Plaut. Mil. 4, 1, 36: nequeo exorare ut me maneat et cum illo ut mutet fidem, Ter. Phorm. 3, 2, 28: “tabulas,to alter one's will, Juv. 14, 55.—Absol.: “natura nescia mutari,incapable of change, Juv. 13, 240. —With ob: “mutatum jus ob unius feneratoris libidinem,Liv. 8, 28, 1: “facilem mutatu gentem,Tac. A. 14, 23.—With ad: “gubernatori ad incursus tempestatum ... ratio mutanda est,Quint. 10, 7, 3: “ad singulas paene distinctiones vultus mutandus est,id. 11, 3, 47.—With Gr. acc.: “mutata suos flumina cursus,Verg. E. 8, 4: “negat quicquam ex Latinā ratione mutandum,Quint. 1, 5, 89.—With cum: “cum illo fidem,Ter. Phorm. 3, 2, 28 supra; more freq. cum aliquā re, to change with or under the influence of a thing: “facies locorum cum ventis simul mutatur,Sall. J. 78, 3: “qui cum fortunā non animum mutāsset,Vell. 2, 82, 2: “quarum uvarum vini jucunditas cum regione mutatur,Col. 3, 2, 16; Ambros. in Abrah. 2, 10, 68.—With in and acc.: “bona facile mutantur in pejus,Quint. 1, 1, 5.—With ex: “nisi forte non ex Graeco mutantes, etc.,Quint. 3, 4, 14: “ex feminis mutari in mares,Plin. 7, 4, 3, § 36. —With de: “de uxore nihil mutat,Ter. And. 5, 4, 46.—With ab: “quantum mutatus ab illo Hectore,Verg. A. 2, 274: “longe mutatus ab illo Sampsone, qui, etc.,Ambros. Spir. Sanc. 2, prol. § 13.—Non mutat, with rel.-clause, it makes no difference: nec mutat confestim, an interjecto tempore, fidem suam adstrinxerunt, Pap. Dig. 46, 1, 52, § 2. —With abl. instrum. (poet.): “ut silvae foliis pronos mutantur in annos,Hor. A. P. 60.—
(β). To differ, be different: “pastiones hiberno ac verno tempore hoc mutant,Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 12: “quantum mutare a Menandro Caecilius visus est,Gell. 2, 23, 7.—
2. In partic.
b. To change for the better, make better, to improve: placet tibi factum, Micio? Mi.: “non, si queam mutare,Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 19.—
c. To change for the worse; pass., of wine, to spoil, turn, etc.: “ac, nisi mutatum, parcit defundere vinum,Hor. S. 2, 2, 58: “melle mutatum (sc. balsamum),adulterated, Plin. 12, 25, 54, § 122.—
B. Of change in its relation to other things, etc.
1. In gen., to change one thing, etc., for another: “mutatis ad celeritatem jumentis,Caes. B. C. 3, 11: “vestimenta mutanti tunica ardere visa est,Suet. Tib. 14: “calceos et vestimenta,Cic. Mil. 10, 28.—Esp. freq.: mutare vestem, to change one's dress: An. Muta vestem. Ch. Ubi mutem? ... An. Eamus ad me. Ibi proximum'st ubi mutes, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 61 sqq.: “mutando nunc vestem, nunc tegumenta capitis,Liv. 22, 1, 3; Sen. Ep. 18, 2.—Esp., to put on the garb of mourning, of humility, etc.: “pro me praesente senatus hominumque praeterea viginti millia vestem mutaverunt,Cic. post Red. ad Quir. 3, 8: “non modo ut vestem mutaret, aut supplex prensaret homines, sed, etc.,Liv. 2, 61; 8, 37, 9; Cic. Sest. 11, 26; Hor. C. 1, 35, 23.—
2. Esp.
b. Of style, to vary, alter: “reliquum est ut dicas de conversā oratione atque mutatā,Cic. Part. Or. 7, 23: “genus eloquendi ... mutatum,id. ib. 5, 16.—
c. Of one's assertion or promise: “quod dixi semel, hau mutabo,will not break my word, Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 90.—
d. Of place, to change, shift, alter: “locum ex loco mutans (sc. typhon) rapidā vertigine,Plin. 2, 48, 49, § 132; cf.: quod nec injussu populi mutari finibus posset, to be removed, Liv. 5, 46, 11: “exsules sunt, etiam si solum non mutārunt,” i. e. gone into exile, Cic. Par. 4, 31: “jussa pars mutare Lares et urbem Sospite cursu,Hor. C. Sec. 39.—
C. Of common or reciprocal relations, to interchange, exchange.—With cum: “cum amplificatione vectigalium nomen Hieronicae legis mutare,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 8, § 19: “ut vestem cum illo mutem,Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 24: “ne cujus suorum popularium mutatam secum fortunam esse vellent,Liv. 21, 45, 6.—With pro: “C. Hostilio pro Etruriā Tarentum mutaverant (sonatus) provinciam, pro Tarento Capuam mutaverunt,Liv. 27, 35, 14: “non debere eum incerta pro certis mutare,Sall. J. 83, 1: “mutatos pro Macedonibus Romanos dominos,Liv. 34, 49, 6.—With abl. of that for which the exchange, etc., is made: “quid terras alio calentes Sole mutamus (patriā),Hor. C. 2, 16, 19: “victoriae possessionem incertā pace mutāsse,Liv. 9, 12, 2; also with abl. of that given in exchange, etc.: “victrice patriā victam mutari,id. 5, 30, 3.—So esp. of trading, etc., to exchange, barter, sell, etc.: “coepit captivos conmercari Aleos, si quem reperire possit, qui mutet suum,Plaut. Capt. prol. 28; cf.: “homines captivos conmercatur, si queat Aliquem invenire, suum qui mutet filium,id. ib. 1, 1, 33; “1, 2, 68: hic mutat merces surgente a sole, etc.,Hor. S. 1, 4, 29: “mutandi copia,Sall. J. 18, 5.—With abl.: “uvam Furtivā mutat strigili,Hor. S. 2, 7, 109: “suburbanis lactens porcus aere mutandus est,Col. 7, 9, 4: “caetera reponantur, vel aere mutentur,id. 8, 5, 4: “aere mutandi sunt (sc. apri),id. 9, 1, 7: “quamvis Milesia magno Vellera mutentur,Verg. G. 3, 307; so with cum and pers. with whom the exchange is made: “eaque mutare cum mercatoribus vino advecticio,Sall. J. 44, 5.—With inter: “mutare res inter se instituerant,Sall. J. 18, 9.—
D. To forsake, abandon, leave: “mutare, derelinquere,Non. p. 351, 1: “expertum jam principem anxii mutabant,Tac. H. 3, 44: mihi non persuadetur ... mutem meos, Lucil. ap. Non. 351, 3: mutataque sidera pondus Quaesivere suum, i. e. forsaken or abandoned by the gods, Petr. poët. 124, 264.—Hence, mūtā-tus , a, um, P. a., changed, i. e. different, successive: “quae (facies) mutatis inducitur atque fovetur Tot medicaminibus,Juv. 6, 472.
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