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Mānes , ĭum (
I.fem., Inscr. ap. Fea, Var. di Notiz. p. 174; Inscr. Grut. 786, 5), m. manus, good; v. mane, with or without di.
I. The deified souls of the departed, the ghosts or shades of the dead, the gods of the Lower World, infernal deities, manes (as benevolent spirits, opp. to larvae and lemures, malevolent spirits): “deorum manium jura sancta sunto,Cic. Leg. 2, 9, 22: “Manibus divis mactatus,Lucr. 6, 759: “Manibu' divis Inferias mittunt,id. 3, 52; Cic. Pis. 7, 16: “sacrae (res) sunt quae Dis superis consecratae sunt: religiosae, quae Diis manibus relictae sunt,Gai. Inst. 2, 4.—
B. Esp., the departed spirit, ghost, shade of a person: “nec patris Anchisae cinerem manesve revelli,Verg. A. 4, 427: “conjugis,id. ib. 6, 119; “3, 303: manes Virginiae,Liv. 3, 58, 11; 21, 10, 3: “camilli,Juv. 2, 154; Sen. Contr. 3, 16, 21: “Galbae,Suet. Oth. 7. —In sing.: “nomine Manem deum nuncupant,App. de Deo Socr. 15, p. 50, 19.—
II. Transf.
A. The Lower World, infernal regions (poet.): “Manesque profundi,Verg. G. 1, 243: “haec Manes veniet mihi fama sub imos,id. A. 4, 387: “esse aliquos Manes et subterranea regna,Juv. 3, 149. And in apposition: “fabulae Manes,Hor. C. 1, 4, 16. —
B. Punishments inflicted in the Lower World (poet.): “quisque suos patimur Manes,Verg. A. 6, 743 (Manes id est supplicia, Serv.); so Stat. Th. 8, 84; Aus. Ephem. 57. —
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