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- (archaic forms nisei and nise , Lex Rubria, v. Ritschl, Legis Rubriae pars superstes, Bonnae, 1851, and Rhein. Mus. tom. 8, p. 448 sq.),
I.conj., if not, unless.
I.
B. With interrogatives and negatives, usually in a different clause.
3. Closely connected with non (mostly post-Aug.): “legationis non nisi condemnato et ejecto eo, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 39, § 98: “qui non nisi aput Germanias adsequi nomen imperatorium posset,Tac. A. 2, 26: “ad quem non nisi per Sejanum aditus,id. ib. 4, 68; 14, 63; 15, 1; Suet. Caes. 56; id. Aug. 21; 41; Quint. 1, 5, 19; Plin. 10, 36, 52, § 108; Plin. Ep. 6, 6, 4.—(The passages in which nisi was supposed to stand for nisi non or non nisi have been critically amended; v. Hand, Turs. 4, 253; Kritz and Fabri ad Sall. J. 54, 5; Drakenb. and Weissenb. ad Liv. 34, 16, 1; Duker ad Flor. 1, 12, 18.)—
C. Esp.
2. Non aliter nisi, on no other condition: “non aliter neque classem revocaturum neque exercitum reducturum, nisi, etc.,Liv. 45, 11, 11.—
3. Nisi si, except if, unless: “nisi si etiam illuc pervenerint,Varr. R. R. 2, 9: “noli putare me ad quemquam longiores epistulas scribere, nisi si qui ad me plura scripsit, etc.,Cic. Fam. 14, 2, 1: “nisi vero si quis est qui,id. Cat. 2, 4, 6. —
4. Nisi ut, except that, unless: “neque convivia inire ausus est, nisi ut speculatores cum lanceis circumstarent,Suet. Claud. 35. —
6. Nisi quia, except because, i. e. until that at nesciebam id dicere illam, nisi quia Correxit miles, quod intellexi minus, Ter. Eun. 4, 5, 10.—
II. In transitions; also in the combinations nisi vero, nisi forte, nisi tamen, unless perhaps, etc., mostly ironical (cf. Gr. εἰ μὴ ἄρα, ει μή γε, ἐκτὸς εἰ μή): “nisi unum hoc faciam ut in puteo cenam coquant,Plaut. Aul. 2, 7, 3: “nisi forte volumus Epicureorum opinionem sequi, qui, etc.,Cic. Fat. 16, 37: “nisi vero existimatis dementem Africanum fuisse, qui, etc.,id. Mil. 3, 8: ne requiras; “nisi forte adulescentes pueritiam debent requirere,id. Sen. 10, 33: “Hostis nullus erat, nisi forte quem vos jussissetis,Sall. J. 14, 10; cf. Zumpt, Gram. § 569.
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