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nītor , nīsus and nixus (
I.inf. nitier, Lucr. 1, 1059; old form of the part. perf.: gnitus et gnixus a genibus prisci dixerunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 96 Müll.), 3, v. dep. n. [from gnitor; root gnic- or gnig-; cf.: nico, conivere], to bear or rest upon something.
I. Lit.
(α). With abl.: ambae te obsecramus genibus nixae, we implore thee upon our knees, i. e. kneeling, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 33: “stirpibus suis niti,Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37: “herbescens viriditas, quae nixa fibris stirpium sensim adulescit,id. Sen. 15, 51: “hastili nixus,id. Rab. Perd. 7, 21: “mulierculā nixus,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 33, § 86: “juvenis, qui nititur hastā,Verg. A. 6, 760: “paribus nitens Cyllenius alis Constitit,id. ib. 4, 252: “nixus baculo,Ov. P. 1, 8, 52.—
(β). With in and acc.: “nixus in hastam,Verg. A. 12, 398.—
(γ). With de: “de quā pariens arbore nixa dea est,Ov. H. 21, 100.—
(δ). With gen. of place: “humi nitens,Verg. A. 2, 380.—(ε) Absol.: Sisiphu' versat Saxum sudans nitendo, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 5, 10: “niti modo ac statim concidere,to strive to rise, Sall. J. 101, 11.—
B. Transf.
1. To make one's way with an effort, to press forward, advance; and, with respect to the goal, to mount, climb, fly, etc. (mostly poet.): “quaedam serpentes ortae extra aquam simul ac primum niti possunt, aquam persequuntur,Cic. N. D. 2, 48, 124: “nituntur gradibus,Verg. A. 2, 442: “in altas rupes,Luc. 4, 37: “ad sidera,Verg. G. 2, 427: “in aëra,Ov. P. 2, 7, 27: “in adversum,id. M. 2, 72: “sursum nitier,Lucr. 1, 1059.—Of violent bodily motion: “niti corporibus et ea huc illuc, quasi vitabundi aut jacientes tela agitare,to struggle, Sall. J. 60, 4.—
2. To strain in giving birth, to bring forth, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107 (al. eniti): “nitor,I am in labor, Ov. M. 9, 302; Pseud.-Ov. Her. 21, 100.—
3. To strain for a stool, Suet. Vesp. 20.—
II. Trop.
2. To strive after a thing: “ad immortalitatem gloriae niti,Cic. Sen. 23, 82: “ad summa, Quint. prooem. § 20: in vetitum,Ov. Am. 3, 4, 17.—
3. To try to prove, contend in argument, argue, with acc. and inf.: “nitamur igitur nihil posse percipi,Cic. Ac. 2, 21, 68.—
B. To rest, rely, depend upon a thing.
(γ). With ubi: “quo confugies? ubi nitere?Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 64, § 155.—Hence, P. a., as subst., Nixus , i, m., only plur., Nixi , ōrum, m., three guardian deities of women in labor, the statues of whom, representing them in a kneeling posture, stood on the Capitol before the chapel of Minerva, Paul. ex Fest. p. 174 Müll.: “magno Lucinam Nixosque patres clamore vocabam,Ov. M. 9, 294.
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