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nunc , adv. Sanscr. nu, nūnam, now; Gr. νύ, νῦν; cf. Lat. num, with demonstr. -ce,
I.now, at present, at this time (prop of that which is present to the speaker or writer).
A. In gen.
1. Contrasted with past time (opp. tum, tunc, antea, quondam, aliquando, olim, etc.): “longe aliam, inquam, praebes nunc atque olim,Plaut. As. 1, 3, 53; Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 4: “alium esse censes nunc me atque olim,id. And. 3, 3, 13: “omnia, quae sunt conclusa nunc artibus, dispersa quondam fuerunt,Cic. de Or 1, 42, 187: “sed tu illum animum nunc adhibe, quaeso, quo me tum esse oportere censebas,id. Fam. 6, 1, 16; Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 24; Verg. A. 6, 776: sed erat tunc excusatio oppressis; “nunc nulla est,Cic. Phil. 7, 5, 14; Liv. 4, 34, 6; 4, 25, 13: “arx minus aliquanto nunc munita quam antea,Cic. Div. in Caecil. 5, 13: nunc si videtur, hoc; “illud alias,id. Tusc. 1, 11, 23; Liv. 29, 18, 18; Suet. Tib. 29: “aut nunc ... aut aliquando,Cic. Mil. 25, 67: “ante hoc tempus numquam ... sed nunc,id. Ac. 1, 1, 3.—
3. Absol. of present time, without suggestion of contrast, = hodie, nostro tempore: “nunc tibi pater hic est,Plaut. Capt. 5, 4, 21: “Marcellus, qui nunc aedilis curulis est,Cic. de Or. 1, 13, 57.— With the interrog. ne, in the form nun-cine (for num-ce-ne; “ante-class.): hem, nuncin demum?Ter. And. 4, 1, 59.—
C. In special phrases.
1. Ut nunc est, as things now are, in the present state of affairs, as matters stand: constitui, ut nunc est, cum exercitu proficisci, Poll. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 31, 17: “quae (causae) si manebunt ... et, ut nunc est, mansurae videntur,Cic. Att. 12, 29, 1: “suaviter, ut nunc est, inquam,Hor. S. 1, 9, 5.—
2. Qui nunc sunt, the men of this time, those now living, the present age: “judiciis, qui nunc sunt. hominum,Cic. ad Q. Fr. 1, 1, 15, § 43; Plin. 22, 25, 71, § 147; cf.: “tace stulta: non tu nunc hominum mores vides?of the men of this day, Plaut. Pers. 3, 1, 57.—
3. Nunc ipsum, just now, at this very time: “quin nunc ipsum non dubitabo rem tantam abicere si id erit rectius,Cic. Att. 7, 3, 2; 8, 9, 2; 12, 40, 2: “nunc tamen ipsum,id. ib. 12, 16, 11.—Nunc repeated with emphasis: “nunc, nunc o liceat crudelem abrumpere vitam,Verg. A. 8, 579 (al. nunc o nunc); “5, 189: nunc, nunc adeste, nunc in hostiles domos Iram vertite,Hor. Epod. 5, 53.—
II. Transf.
A. Of past or future time, conceived as present, now, at that time.
1. Of past time: “id adeo nos nunc factum invenimus,Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 46: item Menandri Phasma nunc nuper dedit (Gr. νῦν ἄρτι), Ter. Eun. prol. 9: “nunc in causā refrixit,Cic. Planc. 23, 55: “quos ego campos antea nitidissimos vidissem, hos ita vastatos nunc videbam, ut, etc.,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 47: “nunc reus erat apud Crassum,id. Att. 2, 24, 4: “cum eum antea tui similem in dicendo viderim, tum vero nunc ... multo videbam similiorem,id. Brut. 71, 250: “incerto nunc etiam exitu victoriae signa intulerunt,Caes. B. G. 7, 62, 6; 6, 40, 6: nunc Saliaribus Ornare pul vinar deorum Tempus erat dapibus, Hor C. 1, 37, 2.—Esp. in orat. obliq., where the nunc of direct narration is retained: dixit, nunc demum se voti esse damnatum, Nep Timol. 5, 3; Liv. 3, 19, 8; 3, 40, 10; 8, 33, 18; 8, 34, 3; “42, 52, 8: nec nunc adulteria objecturum ait,Tac. A. 11, 30; cf. Nipperd. ad Tac. A. 14, 35; Krebs, Antibarb. p. 774. —
2. Of future time (rare): “quis nunc te adibit? Cui videberis bella? Quem nunc amabis?Cat. 8, 16 sq.; Just. 8, 2, 10.—
B. Of the state of affairs, the condition of the argument, etc., now, under these circumstances, in view of this.
C. Nunc ... nunc, now ... now; at one time, at another; sometimes ... sometimes: “tribuni plebis nunc fraudem, nunc neglegentiam consulum accusabant,Liv. 4, 2: “nunc hac parte, nunc illā,id. 34, 13: “ut nunc in liminibus starent, nunc errabundi domos suas pervagarentur,id. 1, 29: “nunc hos, nunc illos aditus omnemque pererrat Arte locum,Verg. A. 5, 441; 5, 189: “nunc huc, nunc illuc curro,Ov. H. 10, 19.—Also thrice repeated: “nunc ad prima signa, nunc in medium, nunc in ultimo agmine aderat,Curt. 7, 3, 17; Just. 4, 1, 4; “and even five times,Sen. Dial. 5 (Ira), 3, 6.—The first nunc is sometimes poetically omitted: pariterque sinistros, Nunc dextros solvere sinus, Verg. A. 5, 830.—
b. Nunc ... mox, Vell. 2, 63.—
c. Nunc ... postremo, Liv. 3, 49.—
d. Nunc ... modo, Liv. 8, 32; Ov. M. 13, 922.—
E. In a transition, to introduce a new subject, in that case, now, then: abi nunc, populi fidem implora, Auct. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 3; Sen. Ben. 5, 12, 3 sq.; 6, 35, 5; Plaut. Stich. 1, 3, 17; cf. Sall. J. 14, 17; for nunciam, v. jam, I. A. 1. b.
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