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nātĭo , ōnis, f. nascor,
I.a being born, birth; hence, transf.
I. Personified, Natio, the goddess of birth: “Natio quoque dea putanda est, quae, quia partus matronarum tueatur, a nascentibus Natio nominata est,Cic. N. D. 3, 18, 47 (al. Nascio).—
II. A breed, stock, kind, species, race (rare but class.; “syn.: genus, stirps, familia): in hominibus emendis si natione alter est melior, emimus pluris, etc.,Varr. L. L. 9, § 93 Müll.; “Auct. B. Alex. 7, 3: natio optimatium,Cic. Sest. 44, 96: “officiosissima candidatorum,id. Pis. 23, 55.—Also in a contemptuous sense, a race, tribe, set: “salvete, fures maritimi, Famelica hominum natio, quid agitis?Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 6: “vestra natio (Epicureorum),Cic. N. D. 2, 29, 74: “ardelionum,Phaedr. 2, 5, 1.—Of animals: “praegnantes opere levant: venter enim labore nationem reddit deteriorem,Varr. R. R. 2, 6, 4; cf. id. L. L. 9, § 92 Müll.; and: in pecoribus quoque bonus proventus feturae bona natio dicitur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 167 Müll.—Transf., of things, a sort, kind (post-Aug.): “nationes in apium naturā diximus,Plin. 22, 24, 50, § 109: “cera natione Pontica,id. 21, 14, 49, § 83; cf. id. 12, 25, 55, § 125.—
B. In a more restricted sense, a race of people, nation, people (used commonly in a more limited sense than gens, and sometimes as identical with it; cf.: gens, populus; usually applied by Cicero to distant and barbarous people): nam itast haec hominum natio; “in Epidamniis Voluptarii, etc.,Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 34: “omnes nationes servitutem ferre possunt: nostra civitas non potest,Cic. Phil. 10, 10, 20; cf.: “exteris nationibus ac gentibus ostendere, etc.,id. Font. 11, 25: “ne nationes quidem et gentes,id. N. D. 3, 39, 93; cf.“, in the reverse order: omnes exterae gentes ac nationes,id. Imp. Pomp. 11, 31: “per omnes gentes nationesque,Quint. 11, 3, 87: “eruditissima Graecorum natio,Cic. de Or. 2, 4, 18: “Judaei et Syri, nationes natae servituti,id. Prov. Cons. 5, 10: “immanes ac barbarae nationes,id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9, § 27: “quod eas quoque nationes adire volebat,Caes. B. G. 3, 7: “Suevi majorem Germaniae partem obtinent, propriis adhuc nationibus nominibusque discreti,Tac. G. 38: “Gannascus, natione Canninefas,id. A. 11, 18: “patre Camissare, natione Care, matre Scythissā natus,Nep. Dat. 1, 1: “NATIONE CILIX,Inscr. Fabr. p. 495, n. 189; so in connection with names of cities: NATIONE ARRETIO, Inscr. Don. cl. 6, n. 181.—
2. Ad Nationes, the name of a portico in Rome, built by Augustus, where the images of all known nations were set up: “ante aditum porticūs Ad Nationes,Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 39; cf. Serv. Verg. A. 8, 721.—
3. In eccl. Lat., like gens, and the Gr. ἔθνος, opp. to Christians, the heathen: “per deos nationum,Tert. de Idol. 22.
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