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ōdi , ōdisse (old form of the
I.pres., odio: osi sunt ab odio, declinasse antiquos testis est C. Gracchus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll. From this are formed: “odis,Ambros. in Psa. 118, 17; “odiant,Arn. in Psa. 37; “odiebant,id. Psa. 73; odies, Tert. adv, Marc. 4, 35; “odiet,Hier. Ep. 22, 31; “odivi,Vulg. Psa. 118, 104; “odientes,id. Deut. 7, 10; Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 16; “odiendi,App. Dogm. Plat. 3 init. —Pass. oditur, Tert. Apol. 3 fin.; Vulg. Ecclus. 20, 8: “odiremur,Hier. Ep. 43, 2: oderem and odere, acc. to Charis. p. 228 P.—Collat. form of the perf. osus sum, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.; Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; Gell. 4, 8; and odivit, Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13. 19, 42), v. a. Sanscr. root badh-, strike, thrust; Gr. ὠθέω.
I. To hate (class.; cf.: detestor, abominor, aversor, abhorreo); constr. with acc. of the person or thing, with inf. or absol.
(α). With acc.: “quem omnes oderunt quā viri quā mulieres,Plaut. Mil. 4, 9, 15: “uxor ruri est tua, quam dudum dixeras te odisse aeque atque angues,id. Merc. 4, 4, 20 sq.: “quid enim odisset Clodium Milo,Cic. Mil. 13, 35: “aliquem acerbe et penitus,id. Clu. 61, 171: “lucemque odit,Ov. M. 2, 383: “vitam,id. ib. 7, 583: “scelus est odisse parentem,id. ib. 10, 314: “qui hominem odiit,Tert. Anim. 10: semper eos osi sunt, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.: quas (partes) Pompeius odivit, M. Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13, 19, 42.—
(β). With inf.: “inimicos semper osa sum obtuerier,Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19: “peccare,Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 52; cf. id. C. 2, 16, 26.—
II. Transf., in gen., to dislike; to be displeased or vexed at any thing: “illud rus,Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 7: “Persicos apparatus,Hor. C. 1, 38, 1: “odi cum cera vacat,Ov. Am. 1, 11, 20.—Of subjects not personal: “ruta odit hiemem et umorem ac fimum,Plin. 19, 8, 45, § 156.—Esp.: “se odisse,to be ill at ease, discontented, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 13; Juv. 7, 35.—Pass.: “oditur ergo in hominibus innocuis etiam nomen innocuum,Tert. Apol. 3: “si de mundo non essemus, odiremur a mundo,Hier. Ep. 43, n. 2 (but in class. Lat. the pass. of odi is odio esse; v. odium).
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