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offensĭo , ōnis, f. 1. offendo,
I.a striking against any thing; a tripping, stumbling (class.).
I. Lit.: “pedis offensio,Cic. Div. 2, 40, 84; in plur.: “offensiones pedum,Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 24: dentium, Lact. Opif. Dei, 10, 13. —Absol.: “offensione sonitūs,Vitr. 9, 8, 3.—
B. Transf., that against which one stumbles, a stumbling-block: “ut nihil offensionis haberet,Cic. Univ. 6, 15.—
II. Trop.
A. An offence given to any one; “hence,disfavor, aversion, disgust, dislike, hatred, discredit, bad reputation, Cic. Div. in Caecil. 3, 9; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 69, § 178 (for which: “existimatio offensa nostri ordinis,id. ib. 2, 2, 47, § “117): sapiens praetor offensionem vitat aequalitate decernendi,id. Mur. 20, 41: “suscipere invidiam atque offensionem apud aliquem,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 55, § 137: “in odium offensionemque populi Romani inruere,id. ib. 1, 12, 35: “cadere,id. N. D. 1, 30, 85: “offensionem excipere,id. Inv. 1, 21, 30: “subire,Plin. 35, 4, 7, § 23: “adferre,Cic. Att. 1, 17, 1: “offensiones accendere,Tac. A. 2, 57: “hoc apud alios offensionem habet,displeases them, Plin. 19, 1, 2, § 9. —
B. An offence which one receives; displeasure, vexation: “habere ad res certas vitiosam offensionem atque fastidium,Cic. Tusc. 4, 10, 23: mihi majori offensioni sunt quam delectationi possessiunculae meae, give me more vexation than pleasure, id. Att. 13, 23, 3.—
2. A complaint, indisposition; an accident, misfortune, mishap, failure: “corporum offensiones,Cic. Tusc. 4, 14, 31: “graves solent offensiones esse ex gravibus morbis, si qua culpa commissa est,id. Fam. 16, 10, 1: “habet enim nihil quod in offensione deperdat,” i.e. if he loses his cause, id. Div. in Caecil. 22, 71: “offensiones belli,misfortunes, defeats, id. Imp. Pomp. 10, 28: “offensionum et repulsarum ignominia,” i.e. refusals, id. Off. 1, 21, 71.—
C. That which causes one to offend or sin, a stumbling-block (eccl. Lat.): “unusquisque offensiones oculorum suorum abiciat,Vulg. Ezech. 20, 7: “nemini dantes ullam offensionem,id. 2 Cor. 6, 3: “lapis offensionis,id. 1 Pet. 2, 8 al.
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