previous next
offĭcĭo (obf- ), ēci, ectum, 3, v. n. and
I.a. [ob-facio], to come in the way of, to hinder, oppose, thwart, obstruct (class.; syn. obsto).
I. Lit.
(α). Neutr.: “nunc quidem paululum, inquit, a sole: offecerat videlicet apricanti,hindered him from sunning himself, stood before him so as to intercept the sunshine, Cic. Tusc. 5, 32, 92: luminibus, to obstruct one's light: “jus vel altius tollendi aedes aut non tollendi, ne luminibus vicini officiatur,Gai. Inst. 2, 31; Dig. 8, 2, 2; 10; 23; “39, 1, 5 et saep.—So, in a fig.: nec mentis quasi luminibus officit altitudo fortunae et gloriae,Cic. Rab. Post. 16, 43: “demoliri ea, quorum altitudo officeret auspiciis,id. Off. 3, 16, 66: “ipsa umbra terrae soli officiens noctem efficit,intervening before, id. N. D. 2, 19, 49: “cum alii in angustiis ipsi sibi properantes officerent,Sall. J. 58, 6: “hostium itineri,id. ib. 52, 6: prospectui, Auct. B. Afr. 52.—
(β). Act. (only ante- and post-class.): “quapropter simul inter se retrahuntur et extra Officiuntur,are impeded, Lucr. 2, 156; 4, 763; 5, 776 (iter, Auct. B. Afr. 61, is prob. a gloss).—
II. Trop., to stand in the way of, to oppose, obstruct, to be detrimental or hurtful to, to hurt (cf.: “obsisto, adversor, noceo): promitto tibi non offerturum,Plaut. As. 1, 1, 97: “cur te mihi offers, ac meis commodis, officio simulato, officis et obstas?Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 112; cf. id. ib. 2, 6: “consiliis alicujus,Sall. C. 27, 4: “timor animi auribus officit,id. ib. 58, 2: “nomini, i. e. famae, Liv. praef. 1: officiunt laetis frugibus herbae,hurt by shutting off light and moisture, Verg. G. 1, 69: “lactucae officiunt claritati oculorum,Plin. 20, 7, 26, § 68.—With quominus: “nec vero Isocrati, quominus haberetur summus orator, offecit, quod, etc.,Plin. Ep. 6, 29, 6.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: