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prŏ-fundus , a, um, adj.,
I.deep, profound, vast (class.; syn. altus).
2. Subst.: prŏfundum , i, n., depth.
a. In gen.: “esse in profundo (aquae),Cic. Fin. 3, 14, 48 4, 23, 64: “maris,Suet. Tib. 40; Ov. Hal. 84: “immensa ac profunda camporum,Just. 41, 1, 11.—
b. In partic.
(α). The depths of the sea, the deep, the sea (class.): ex profundo molem ad caelum erigit, Att. ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 35, 89: “jecissem ipse me potius in profundum, ut ceteros conservarem, quam, etc.,Cic. Sest. 20, 45: “profundo Vela dabit,Verg. A. 12, 263: “vastum,Val. Fl. 8, 314; Sil. 4, 246: “summum,Ov. M. 2, 267: “indomitum,id. Tr. 1, 11, 39: “pater ipse profundi,” i.e. Neptune, Val. Fl. 2, 606: “genitor profundi,Ov. M. 11, 202: “Pamphylium,Col. 8, 16, 9: “profundi imperium,Juv. 13, 49; Hor. C. 4, 4, 65; Ov. H. 18, 89; id. M. 5, 439; 11, 197.—
(β). In comic. lang., an abyss, meaning the stomach, in a lusus verbb. with fundus, Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 79.—
B. Transf.
1. Thick, dense (poet. and in post - class. prose): “Erebi nox,Verg. A. 4, 26: “silvae,Lucr. 5, 41; Curt. 7, 7, 4: “ursi villis profundioribus,Sol. 26.—
b. Subst.: prŏfundum , i, n., height: “altum caeli,Manil. 5, 719.—
3. In a great quantity, copious, unlimited, without stint (poet.): “merum,Stat. Th. 5, 262.—
4. Of the underworld, infernal (poet.): “Manes,Verg. G. 1, 243: “Chaos,Val. Fl. 7, 401: “Juppiter, i. e. Pluto,Stat. Th. 1, 615: “Juno, = Proserpina,Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 2.—
II. Trop.
A. Deep, bottomless, profound, boundless, immoderate (class.): “profundae libidines,Cic. Pis. 21, 48: “avaritia,Sall. J. 81, 1: “cupido imperii et divitiarum,id. H. 4, 61, 5: “vitia animi,Plin. 30, 2, 5, § 14: “cupiditas confundendi omnia,Vell. 2, 125, 2: “securitas,Gell. 1, 15, 2: “otium,Nazar. Pan. Constant. 35: “profundissimā pace florere (=summā),Mamert. Pan. Maxim. 14: “caedes,Stat. Th. 10, 831: “tempestas,id. Achill. 1, 45: “gula,Suet. Vit. 13: “venter,Curt. 10, 2, 26: “immensusque ruit profundo Pindarus ore,” i.e. with inexhaustible copiousness of expression, Hor. C. 4, 2, 7: “scientia,Macr. S. 3, 2, 7: “cum me somnus profundus in imum barathrum demergit,App. M. 2, p. 125 fin.: “in profundam ruinam cupidinis se praecipitare,id. ib. 8, p. 202, 1.—
B. Deep, obscure, unknown (post-Aug.): “in profundo esse,to be unknown, Dig. 32, 15.—
C. Subst.: prŏfun-dum , i, n., a depth, abyss (class.): “in profundo veritatem penitus abstrudere,Cic. Ac. 2, 10, 32: “Democritus (dixit) in profundo veritatem esse demersam,id. ib. 1, 12, 44: “in profundum ultimarum miseriarum abjectus,Val. Max. 2, 10, 6: “immergere aliquem miserabiliter profundo cladium,id. 2, 6, 9, ext. 7: “in profundum injuriarum et turpitudinis decidere,id. 2, 9, 1, ext. 2; cf.: “de profundis clamavi ad te,Vulg. Psa. 129, 1.—Hence, adv.: prŏfun- , deeply (post-Aug.): “in bibendo profundius nares mergere,Plin. 8, 42, 66, § 165; Vulg. Osee, 9, 9.
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