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prō-sĭlĭo , ŭi (less freq. īvi or ĭi;
I.īvi,Sen. Ep. 115, 15; Just. 11, 5, 10; Hyg. Fab. 103; “ii,Sen. Clem. 1, 3, 3; Petr. 106, 1), 4 (fut. prosilibo for prosiliam, Auct. Quint. Decl. 4, 19), v. n. salio, to leap or spring forth, to spring up (class.).
I. Lit.: “quidnam hic properans prosilit,Ter. Eun. 5, 7, 6: “repente prosiluerunt,Cic. Cael. 26, 63: “ex tabernaculo,Liv. 28, 14: “ab sede,id. 2, 12: “puppe,Luc. 8, 55: “stratis,Val. Fl. 1, 310: “de capitis paterni Vertice (of Minerva),Ov. F 3, 842: “e convivio,Curt. 7, 4, 19: “de navi,Just. 11, 5, 11: “in contionem,Liv. 5, 2: “in proelium,Just. 24, 8, 8: “ad accusationem,Dig. 48, 2, 7: “ad flumen,Suet. Caes. 32: “in publicum,Petr. 82: “donec prosilit unus,Hor. S. 1, 5, 21.—
B. Transf., of inanim. subjects, to spring or burst forth, to start out (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “(sanguis) Emicat, et longe terebrata prosilit aura,Ov. M. 6, 260: “prosiliunt lacrimae,Mart. 1, 34, 2: “prosilit scintilla,Ov. F. 4, 796: “castanea sponte prosiliens,Plin. 15, 23, 25, § 93: “frutices in altitudinem prosiliunt,shoot up, grow, Col. 7, 6, 1: “Peloponnesi prosilit cervix,” i. e. the isthmus begins and runs out, Plin. 4, 3, 4, § 8.—
II. Trop.
A. To break forth (poet.): “vaga prosiliet frenis natura remotis,Hor. S. 2, 7, 74.—
B. To start up, to hasten (poet.): “prosilui amicum castigatum,Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 179.—
C. To leap to any thing, attempt zealously or eagerly (mostly poet.): “numquam nisi potus ad arma Prosiluit dicenda,Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 8: “ad certamen,Sen. Ben. 1, 25: “ad accusationem,Dig. 19, 5, 3; 48, 2, 7: ad munus, Cod. 10, 52, 7.
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