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prŏtervus , a, um, adj. protero; qs. trampling on every thing; hence,
I.violent, vehement.
I. Lit. (poet.): “venti,Hor. C. 1, 26, 2: “Africus,id. Epod. 16, 22: “Eurus,Ov. H. 11, 14: “stella canis,scorching, oppressive, id. Am. 2, 16, 4.—
II. Trop., forward, bold, pert, wanton, shameless, impudent (class.; generally milder than procax and petulans; v. protervitas): petulans protervo animo sum, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 3, 1: “homo,Cic. Fin. 5, 12, 35; 1, 18, 61: “dictum aut factum,id. ib. 2, 14, 47: “vidua,id. Cael. 16, 38: “Satyri, turba proterva,Ov. H. 5, 136: “juvenes,Hor. C. 1, 25, 2: “rixae,id. ib. 3, 14, 26: “frons,id. ib. 2, 5, 15: “oculi,Ov. H. 17, 77: “manus,id. M. 5, 671: “Musa,id. R. Am. 362: “lingua,id. Ib. 520: “sal protervum,ribald wit, Mart. 10, 9, 2.—Comp.: “meretrix protervior,Just. 30, 2, 2.—Hence, adv., in two forms, proterve and proterviter.
1. In a bad sense, boldly, wantonly, shamelessly, impudently (class.): “aedes arietare,Plaut. Truc. 2, 2, 1: “proterve iracundus,Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 53 (immoderate, superbe, Don.): “consectans aliquem proterve,Cic. Rep. 1, 44, 68.—Comp., Ov. A. A. 1, 599.—Sup., Aug. Civ. Dei, 5, 22.—
2. In a good sense, boldly, with spirit: “confidenter pro se et proterve loqui,Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 207.—
B. prŏtervĭter , boldly, wantonly, shamelessly, impudently, Enn. ap. Non. 513, 11 (Com. v. 8 Vahl.).
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