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parcus , a, um, adj., = παῦρος [v. parco],
I.sparing in any thing, esp. in expenditure; in a good and bad sense, frugal, thrifty, economical; niggardly, penurious, parsimonious (syn.: tenax, restrictus).
I. Lit.
(β). With gen.: “veteris non parcus aceti,Hor. S. 2, 2, 62: “donandi parca juventus,id. ib. 2, 5, 79: “pecuniae,Tac. H. 1, 49: “pecuniae parcus ac tenax,Suet. Tib. 46.—
B. In gen., sparing, chary, moderate in any thing: “operā haud fui parcus meā,Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 14: “nimium parcus in largiendā civitate,Cic. Balb. 22, 50: “non tam vereor, ne me in laudibus suis parcum, quam ne nimium putet,Plin. Pan. 3, 3: “quam modica cultu, quam parca comitatu,id. ib. 83, 7: “civium sanguinis parcus,Tac. H. 3, 75: “parcissimus somni,Luc. 9, 590: “parcissimus vini,Suet. Aug. 77: “acies non parca fugae,Sil. 10, 30: “beneficiorum parcissimus aestimator,Plin. Pan. 21, 2: “parcus Deorum cultor,Hor. C. 1, 34, 1: “in libidinem projecti, in cibum parci,Just. 41, 3, 13.—With inf.: “parcusque lacessere Martem,Sil. 1, 680: “haud parci Martem coluisse,id. 8, 464.—In gen., moderate, not rash nor self-indulgent: “somnus sanitatis in homine parco,Vulg. Ecclus. 31, 24.—Comp.: “parcior somni,Just. 11, 13, 2.—Sup.: “parcissimus somni,Luc. 9, 590.—
II. Transf., spare, scanty, little, small, slight (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “parco sale contingere,Verg. G. 3, 403: “tellus,Stat. S. 4, 5, 13: “lucerna,Prop. 4 (5), 3, 60.vulnus,Sil. 16, 111: “merito parcior ira meo,Ov. P. 1, 2, 98: “questaque sum vento lintea parca dari,id. H. 21, 79: “optima mors parca quae venit apta die,after a short time, Prop. 3, 3, 40 (Parcae quae venit acta die, id. 3, 4, 18 Müll.): “et brevis somnus,Plin. Pan. 49.—Adv., in two forms, parce (class.) and parciter (ante- and post-class.).
A. Form parcē .
1. Sparingly, frugally, thriftily; penuriously, parsimoniously: “parce parcus,Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 35: vivere parce, continenter, severe, sobrie, Cic. Off. 1, 30, 106; cf.: “parce ac duriter se habere,Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 20: “parce et duriter vitam agere,id. And. 1, 1, 47: “nimium parce facere sumptum,id. ib. 2, 6, 19: “frumentum parce et paulatim metiri,Caes. B. G. 7, 71: “cur id tam parce tamque restricte faciant,Cic. Fin. 2, 13, 42: “parce seminat,Vulg. 2 Cor. 9, 6.—Comp.: “implet manum parcius,Juv. 6, 546.—
B. Form parcĭter , sparingly, Pompon. ap. Non. 515, 6: praelibare, Claud. Mam. praef.
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