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pello , pĕpŭli, pulsum, 3 (
I.pluperf. pulserat, Amm. 30, 5, 19), v. a. kindred with Gr. πάλλω, πέλω, to beat, strike, knock any thing or at any thing; to push, drive, hurl, impel, propel.
I. Lit.
A. In gen. (mostly poet.; “syn.: trudo, percutio): pueri pulsi,Cic. Fin. 5, 18, 48: “pectora pellite tonsis, Enn. ap. Fest. s. v. tonsa, p. 356 Müll. (Ann. v. 235 Vahl.): terram pede,Lucr. 5, 1402: “ter pede terram (in the tripudium),Hor. C. 3, 18, 15: “humum pedibus,Cat. 61, 14: “fores,Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 4; 5, 3, 2: “impetu venientium pulsae fores,Tac. A. 11, 37: spumat sale rate pulsum, Enn. ap. Gell. 2, 26 (Ann. v. 378 Vahl.); cf.: unda pulsa remis, Cic. Ac. Fragm. ap. Non. 162, 30; so, “vada remis,Cat. 64, 58: “(arbor) ventis pulsa,Lucr. 5, 1096.—
B. In partic.
1. To drive out or away, to thrust or turn out, expel, banish; esp. milit., to drive back, discomfit, rout the enemy (freq. and class.; syn.: fugo, elimino, deicio); constr. with abl., with ex, rarely with de; also with ab and abl. of the place from which one is repelled or driven back, but has not entered: “cum viri boni lapidibus e foro pellerentur,Cic. Pis. 10, 23; so, “omnes ex Galliae finibus,Caes. B. G. 1, 31, 11; and: “praesidium ex arce,Nep. Pelop. 3 fin.: “a foribus,Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 113: “istum ab Hispaniā,Cic. Att. 10, 8, 2: “patriis ab agris Pellor,Ov. M. 14, 477; cf. Ter. Eun. 2, 1, 9: “aliquem a sacris,Ov. Ib. 624: “possessores suis sedibus,Cic. Off. 2, 22, 78: “aliquem sedibus,Sall. J. 41, 8: “aliquem possessionibus,Cic. Mil. 27, 74: “aliquem civitate,id. Par. 4, 1, 27: “loco,Liv. 10, 6: “patria,Nep. Arist. 1: “aliquem regno,Hor. S. 1, 6, 13; Just. 35, 1, 3.—Of inanim. objects: “aquam de agro,Plin. 18, 26, 62, § 230: “tecta, quibus frigorum vis pelleretur,Cic. Off. 2, 11, 13: “placidam nives pectore aquam,Tib. 1, 4, 12; 3, 5, 30: “calculos e corpore,Plin. 22, 21, 30, § 64.—Without indicating the place whence: “qui armis perterritus, fugatus, pulsus est,Cic. Caecin. 11, 31: “hostes pelluntur,Caes. B. G. 7, 62, 3; cf.: “milites pulsi fugatique,Sall. J. 74, 3: “exsules tyrannorum injuriā pulsi,driven out, banished, Liv. 34, 26, 12: “Athenienses Diagoram philosophum pepulerunt,Val. Max. 1, 1, 7 ext.— With abl. of manner: “pudendis Volneribus pulsus,Verg. A. 11, 56; cf.: “si fugisset vulneratus a tergo, etc., Serv. ad loc.—Specifying the place whither: miles pellitur foras,Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 11: “in exsilium pulsus,Cic. de Or. 2, 13, 56.—
2. In milit. lang., to rout, put to flight, discomfit: “exercitum ejus ab Helvetiis pulsum et sub jugum missum,Caes. B. G. 1, 7, 4: “compluribus his proeliis pulsis,id. ib. 1, 10, 5: “Romanos pulsos superatosque,id. ib. 2, 24 fin., etc.; 1, 52; Liv. 2, 50; Just. 1, 6, 13; 2, 12, 26.—
3. To strike, set in motion, impel: “inpello, sagitta pulsa manu,Verg. A. 12, 320.—
4. Of a musical instrument, to strike the chords, play: “nervi pulsi,struck, Cic. Brut. 54, 199: “lyra pulsa manu,Ov. M. 10, 205; cf.: “classica pulsa,” i. e. blown, Tib. 1, 1, 4.—
II. Trop.
B. In partic.
2. To beat, conquer, overcome (very rare): si animus hominem pepulit, actum'st: animo servit, non sibi; “Sin ipse animum pepulit, vivit, victor victorum cluet,Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 27 sq.: “alicui pudicitiam,id. Ep. 4, 1, 15.
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