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pĕnĕs , prep. with acc. [from the root pa- of pasco, v. Penates],
I.with, in the possession or power of; connected only with names of persons, and freq. foll. its case (class.).
II. Transf., with, in, in the presence or power of, in the house of, without the notion of possession: “sine dote, cum ejus rem penes me habeam domi,Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 5: “thesaurum tuum Me esse penes,id. ib. 5, 2, 22; id. Truc. 1, 1, 4; id. Aul. 4, 4, 27: “isthaec jam penes vos psaltria'st?Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 34: “hi (servi) centum dies penes accusatorem cum fuissent,Cic. Mil. 22, 60; Caes. B. C. 1, 76, 4: “si penes servum tabulae fuerint,Dig. 43, 5, 3: “penes regem, noli velle videri sapiens,Vulg. Ecclus. 7, 5: “mentis causa malae est penes te,Juv. 14, 226.—Rarely with an abstract object: plures ejus rei causas afferebat, potissimam penes incuriam virorum feminarumque, the principal (cause) consisted in the indifference, etc., Tac. A. 4, 16.
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