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pensĭo , ōnis, f. pendo; lit., a weighing, weighing out; hence,
I. A weight (only in Vitr.), Vitr. 10, 16; 10, 8.—
II. Transf., a paying, payment, a term of payment (class.; cf.: stipendium, pretium): pendere poenas solvere significat, ab eo, quod aere gravi cum uterentur Romani, penso eo, non numerato debitum solvebant: unde etiam pensiones dictae, Paul. ex Fest. p. 208 Müll.: “nihil debetur ei, nisi ex tertiā pensione,Cic. Att. 16, 2, 1: “prima,id. Fam. 6, 18, 5: “altera tributi,Plin. 16, 8, 12, § 32. —Transf., sarcastically: etenim ista tua minime avara conjux, nimium debet diu populo Romano tertiam pensionem, i. e. her third marriage (after your death), Cic. Phil. 2, 44, 113.—
B. In partic.
1. A tax, impost (post-class.), Aur. Vict. Caes. 39: “vectigalium,id. Epit. 9.—
2. Rent of a house or land (post-Aug.): “aedium pensio annua,Suet. Ner. 44; Juv. 9, 63; Dig. 33, 7, 18.—
3. Interest of money (post-class.), Lampr. Alex. Sev. 26.—
4. Compensation: “jacturae,Petr. 136, 2.
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