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pălaestra , ae, f., = παλαίστρα,
I.a wrestling-school, wrestling-place, place of exercise, palœstra, where youths, with their bodies naked and anointed with oil, practised gymnastic exercises. Such palæstrae were also attached to private houses: “in palaestram venire,Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 20; cf. id. ib. 3, 3, 27: “in palaestrā atque in foro,id. Am. 4, 1, 3: “statuas in palaestrā ponere,Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 14, § 36: “pars in gramineis exercent membra palaestris,Verg. A. 6, 642. —Of the palæstrae in private houses, Varr. R. R. 3, 13: “(Fibrenus) tantum complectitur quod satis sit modicae palaestrae loci,Cic. Leg. 2, 3, 6; id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 2.—
II. Transf.
B. In the lang. of comedy, a brothel, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 34; Ter. Phorm. 3, 1, 20.—
C. Exercises in the school of rhetoric, rhetorical exercises, a school of rhetoric, a school: “nitidum genus verborum sed palaestrae magis et olei, quam hujus civilis turbae ac fori,Cic. de Or. 1, 18, 81: “non tam armis institutus, quam palaestrā,id. Brut. 9, 37: “sic adjuvet, ut palaestra histrionem,id. Or. 4, 14; 56, 186; cf. id. ib. 68, 228: Antipater habuit (in scribendā historiā) vires agrestes ille quidem atque horridas sine nitore ac palaestrā, id. Leg. 1, 2, 6.—*
D. An art or skill: “utemur palaestrā, quam a te didicimus,Cic. Att. 5, 13, 1.
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