previous next
pĕr-ĕo , ĭi (īvi), ĭtum, īre (periet for peribit, Coripp. Johann. 7, 27;
I.perf. perivit, App. M. 4, 21: “perīt,Juv. 8, 85: “perisset,Lact. 3, 20, 17 al.: “perisse,Liv. 1, 49, 1; Ov. Am. 2, 19, 56; fut. periet, Vulg. Sap. 4, 19 al.), v. n.
I. To pass away, come to nothing; to vanish, disappear, be lost: “e patriā,Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 5: “ecqua inde perisset soror,Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 15: “ne vena periret aquae,Ov. Tr. 3, 7, 16.—
B. Esp., to pass through, leak, be absorbed (poet.): “lymphae Dolium pereuntis,Hor. C. 3, 11, 27; cf.: “postremo pereunt imbres, ubi eos pater aether In gremium matris terrai praecipitavit,Lucr. 1, 250.—
II. To pass away, to be destroyed, to perish (the predom. and class. signif. of the word; syn.: occĭdo, intereo, obeo).
B. In partic.
1. To perish, lose one's life, die (class.): non intellego, quamobrem, si vivere honeste non possunt, perire turpiter velint; “aut cur minore dolore perituros se cum multis, quam si soli pereant, arbitrentur,Cic. Cat. 2, 10, 21: “summo cruciatu supplicioque,id. N. D. 3, 33, 81: “fame,id. Inv. 2, 57, 172: “eodem leto esse pereundum,id. Div. 1, 26, 56: “morbo,Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 86: “naufragio,Cic. Deiot. 9, 25: “hominum manibus,Verg. A. 3, 606: “uterque juravit, periturum inter nos secretum,that it should perish with us, Petr. 21: “ab Hannibale,at his hands, Plin. 11, 37, 73, § 189: “perire turpiter,Cic. Cat. 2, 10, 21: “fortiter,Hor. S. 2, 3, 42: “generosius,id. C. 1, 37, 21: “a morbo,Nep. Reg. 3, 3.—
2. To pine away with love, to be desperately in love; to love to desperation (poet.): “indigno cum Gallus amore peribat,Verg. E. 10, 10; Cat. 45, 3: “quo beatus Vulnere, quā pereat sagittā,Hor. C. 1, 27, 11: “ipse Paris nudā fertur periisse Lacaenā,Prop. 2, 12, 13.—With acc. of the beloved object, Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 135.—
3. To be lost, wasted, spent in vain: “ne et oleum et opera perierit,Cic. Att. 2, 17, 1: “tempora,Ov. R. Am. 107: “labor,id. M. 1, 273: “nullus perit otio dies,Plin. 11, 6, 5, § 14: “ne nummi pereant,Hor. S. 1, 2, 133: “minae,Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 25: “aurum,Col. 11, 1, 29; cf. “actiones,Liv. 39, 18.—
4. To be lost, ruined, undone: “quid fieri tum potuit? jampridem perieramus,Cic. Att. 14, 10, 1: “meo vitio pereo,id. ib. 11, 9, 1.—Hence, perii, etc., as an exclamation of despair, I am lost! I'm undone! hei mihi, disperii! vocis non habeo satis: “vicini, interii, perii,Plaut. Most. 4, 3, 36: “perii, interii, occidi! quo curram! quo non curram?id. Aul. 4, 9, 1: “perii animo,am disheartened, id. Rud. 2, 6, 26; cf.: “ingenio perii,Ov. Tr. 2, 2; Lucr. 4, 1136: “periimus, actum est,we are lost, it is all over with us, Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 26: “perierat et inventus est,Vulg. Luc. 24, 32; 15, 6.—So, peream, si, nisi, in asseverations, may I perish, may I die, if or if not, Ov. H. 17, 183; Cassiod. ap. Cic. Fam. 15, 19, 4; Ov. P. 3, 5, 47; id. H. 17, 183.—Gerund and gerundive: “nisi illud perdo argentum, pereundum est mihi,Plaut. As. 1, 3, 91; Prop. 2, 1, 53: “pereundi figurae,Ov. H. 10, 81: “pereundi terminus,Sil. 3, 559: “puppis pereunda est probe,must be lost, Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 70.—
C. Trop., of moral qualities, etc.: “pudor periit,Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 81: “fides,id. Truc. 1, 1, 24: “virtus,Ov. F. 2, 227.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: