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perpendĭcŭlum , i, n. perpendo,
I.a plummet, plumb-line.
I. Lit.: non egeremus perpendiculis, non normis, non regulis, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 163, 3: “ad perpendiculum columnas exigere,to examine by a plumb-line, id. Verr. 2, 1, 51, § 133: “ad perpendiculum,perpendicular, perpendicularly, id. Fat. 10, 22: “tigna non directa ad perpendiculum, sed prona et fastigiata,Caes. B. G. 4, 17: “perpendiculo respondere (opp. habere proclinationes),Vitr. 6, 11; Plin. 35, 14, 49, § 172; Vulg. Zach. 1, 16.—
II. Trop.: “ad perpendiculum seque suosque habuit,Aus. Parent. 5: “honestatem lenium morum velut ad perpendiculum librans,Amm. 29, 2, 16; cf. id. 21, 16, 3: “velut ad perpendiculum aemulae urbes,on a strict equality, id. 14, 8, 11.
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