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pălumbes , is, or pălumbis , is, m. and f. (collat. form pălumbus , i, m., Cato, R. R. 90; Col. 8, 8; Mart. 13, 67, 1: pălumba , ae, f., Cels. 6, 6, 39) [cf. Sanscr. kadamba, diver; Gr. κόλυμβος, columba],
I.a woodpigeon, ring-dove: macrosque palumbes, Lucil. ap. Non. 219, 6; Pompon. ib. 9; Varr. R. R. 3, 9; Cic. poët. ap. Serv. Verg. E. 1, 58: “raucae, tua cura, palumbes,Verg. E. 1, 58: “aëriae palumbes,id. ib. 3, 69: “fronde novā puerum palumbes Texere,Hor. C. 3, 4, 12; cf. id. S. 2, 8, 91.—Prov.: “palumbem alicui ad aream adducere,to furnish one a good opportunity to do a thing, to bring the fish to one's net, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 63: duae unum expetitis palumbem, the same cock-pigeon, i. e. the same lover, id. Bacch. 1, 1, 17.—Palumbus was also the name of a gladiator; hence, in a double sense: “Palumbum postulantibus daturum se promisit, si captus esset,Suet. Claud. 21.
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