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pŏēma , ătis (
I.gen. plur. poëmatorum, Afran. ap. Non. 493, 9; cf. Charis. p. 114 P.: “poëmatum,Suet. Gram. 23; Spart. Hadr. 14; dat. and abl. plur. usually poëmatis, Cic. Off. 3, 3, 15; Plaut. As. 1, 3, 22; Auct. Her. 4, 2, 3; “but also poëmatibus,Suet. Tit. 3; App. Mag. 5), n., = ποίημα, a composition in verse, a poem (freq. and class.; syn. carmen): pars est parva poëma, proinde ut epistola quaevis. Illa poësis opus totum, ut tota Ilias una Est θέσις, annalesque Enni: atque istoc opus unum Est majus multo quam quod dixi ante poëma, Lucil. ap. Non. 428, 12 sq.; cf.: poëma est λέξις εὔρυθμος, id est verba plura modice in quandam conjecta formam. Itaque etiam distichon epigrammation vocant poëma. Poësis est perpetuum argumentum e rhythmis, ut Ilias Homeri et Annales Ennii, Varr. ap. Non. 428, 19 sq.Plur.: “poëmata (opp. oratio),poetry, Cic. Or. 21, 70.—So of some verses of a poem: “o poëma tenerum et moratum atque molle!Cic. Div. 1, 31, 66; “and of a short poem,Cat. 50, 16, 1. But this distinction is not observed even by Ennius, and poëma was the name in the class. period for every kind of poem: “latos per populos terrasque poëmata nostra clara cluebunt, Enn. ap. Prob. p. 1401 P. (Ann. v. 3 Vahl.): poëma facere,Cic. Ac. 1, 3, 9: “poëma ad Caesarem quod composueram, incidi,id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 4, § 11: “Graecum condere,id. Att. 1, 16, 15: “pangere,Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 40; id. A. P. 416: “scribere,id. Ep. 2, 1, 117: “egregium,Cic. de Or. 1, 50, 217: “poëma festivum, concinnum, elegans,id. Pis. 29, 70: “si poëma loquens pictura est, pictura tacitum poëma debet esse,Auct. Her. 4, 28, 39: “ridenda poëmata malo, quam te,Juv. 10, 124.
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