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pōno , pŏsŭi (Plaut. posīvi), pŏsĭtum, 3 (old form of
I.perf. POSEIVEI, Inscr. Orell. 3308: “posivi,Plaut. Ps. 5, 1, 35: posivimus, id. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 898 P.: “posiverunt, Cato, R. R. praef. 1: posiveris,id. ib. 4, 1; Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 108: POSIERunt, Inscr. Orell. 5061: “POSIT, contr. from posivit,ib. 71; 732; 1475; 3087 al.; part. perf. sync. postus, a, um, Lucr. 1, 1059; 3, 87; 6, 965), v. a. for posno, posino, from old prep. port, = προτί, πρός, and sino; cf.: porricio, pollingo, etc., and v. pro, sino, to put or set down a person or thing, to put, place, set, lay, etc. (syn.: colloco, statuo); constr. with acc. alone, or with in and abl., or with adv. of place; sometimes with in and acc., or absol.; v. infra.
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “tabulas in aerario ponere,Caes. B. C. 3, 108: “castra,to pitch, id. ib. 1, 65 fin.: “castra iniquo loco,id. ib. 1, 81: “milia passuum tria ab eorum castris castra ponit,id. B. G. 1, 22 fin.: qui indicabantur, in senatu sunt positi, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 50: “tabulas obsignatas in publico,Cic. Fl. 9, 21: “sejuges in Capitolio aurati a P. Cornelio positi,Liv. 38, 35, 4: “tyrannicidae imago in gymnasio ponatur,Quint. 7, 7, 5; cf. id. 1, 7, 12: “collum in Pulvere,Hor. C. 4, 6, 11; cf.: “artus in litore ponunt,Verg. A. 1, 173; and with simple abl.: “saxo posuit latus,Val. Fl. 4, 378: “in curulibus sellis sese posuerunt,seated themselves, Flor. 1, 13.—With in and acc.: hodierno die primum longo intervallo in possessionem libertatis pedem ponimus, Cic. Phil. 3, 11, 28 B. and K. (Klotz, possessione): “Cyzici in Prytaneum vasa aurea mensae unius posuit,Liv. 41, 20, 7 Weissenb. ad loc.: “stipes erat, quem ... in flammam triplices posuere sorores,Ov. M. 8, 452: “omnia pone feros in ignes,id. R. Am. 719: “oleas in solem,Cato, R. R. 7: “coronam in caput,Gell. 3, 15, 3.—With sub and abl.: “pone sub curru nimium propinqui,Hor. C. 1, 22, 21: “fundamenta,Vulg. 1 Esd. 6, 3: “ubi pedem poneret non habebat,might set his foot, Cic. Fin. 4, 25, 69: “genu or genua,to bow the knee, to kneel, Ov. F. 2, 438; 5, 507; Curt. 8, 7, 13: “num genu posuit? num vocem supplicem misit?id. 4, 6, 28: “oculos,to cast one's eyes on, Vulg. Jer. 24, 6: “faciem,to turn one's face, id. ib. 42, 15.—
B. In partic.
1. In milit. lang., to place, post, set, station a body of troops: “ibi praesidium ponit,Caes. B. G. 2, 5: “praesidium ibi,id. B. C. 1, 47 fin.: “legionem tuendae orae maritimae causā,id. ib. 3, 34: “insidias contra aliquem,Cic. Agr. 2, 18, 49.—
2. To set up, erect, build (mostly poet.): “opus,Ov. M. 8, 160: “templa,Verg. A. 6, 19: “aras,id. ib. 3, 404: “tropaeum,Nep. Dat. 8, 3; so, “in inscrr., of erecting monuments of any kind: POSVIT, PONENDVM CVRAVIT (usu. abbreviated P. C.), etc.: columna rostrata quae est Duilio in foro posita,in honor of Duilius, Quint. 1, 7, 12.—
3. Hence, poet., to form, fashion works of art: “Alcimedon duo pocula fecit ... Orpheaque in medio posuit,Verg. E. 3, 46: “hic saxo liquidis ille coloribus Sollers nunc hominem ponere, nunc deum,Hor. C. 4, 8, 8.—
4. To set, set out, plant trees, etc. (poet. and in postAug. prose; “syn.: planto, sero): pone ordine vites,Verg. E. 1, 74: “vitem,Col. 4, 1; cf.: “ille et nefasto te (arbor) posuit die,planted thee, Hor. C. 2, 13, 1.—
5. To lay, stake, wager, as a forfeit; to lay down, propose, as a prize: pono pallium; “Ille suum anulum opposuit,Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 76: “pocula fagina,Verg. E. 3, 36: “invitat pretiis animos et praemia ponit,id. A. 5, 292: “praemia,id. ib. 5, 486: “praemium,Liv. 41, 23, 10.—
6. In business lang., to put out at interest, to loan, to invest (less freq. than collocare): pecuniam in praedio ponere, Cic. Tull. § 15 Orell.; cf.: “pecuniam apud aliquem,Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 70, § 165: “dives positis in fenore nummis,Hor. A. P. 421: “pecuniam Quaerit Kalendis ponere,id. Epod. 2, 70.—
7. To place, set, appoint a person as a watch or guard, accuser, etc. (less freq. than apponere): “Dumnorigi custodes ponit, ut, quae agat, scire possit,Caes. B. G. 1, 20 fin.: “custos frumento publico est positus,Cic. Fl. 19, 45: alicui accusatorem, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 12, 3: “puer super hoc positus officium,Petr. 56, 8.—
8. To serve up, set before one at table (rare for the class. apponere), Cato, R. R. 79; so id. ib. 81: “posito pavone,Hor. S. 2, 2, 23; 2, 4, 14; 2, 6, 64; 2, 8, 91; id. A. P. 422: “positi Bacchi cornua,Ov. A. A. 1, 231: “vinum,Petr. 34, 7: “calidum scis ponere sumen,Pers. 1, 53: “porcum,Mart. 8, 22, 1: “da Trebio, pone ad Trebium,Juv. 5, 135.—
9. To lay aside, take off, put down, lay down, etc. (as clothing, arms, books, the hair or beard, etc., = deponere): “cum pila ludere vellet tunicamque poneret,Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 60; cf.: “veste positā,id. ib. 1, 47, 113: “velamina,Ov. A. A. 2, 613; cf.: “velamina de corpore,id. M. 4, 345: “arma,Caes. B. G. 4, 37: “sarcinam,Petr. 117, 11: “barbam,Suet. Calig. 5; cf.: “bicolor positis membrana capillis,Pers. 3, 10: “libros de manibus,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8, § 23; cf.: “cum posui librum, et mecum ipse coepi cogitare,id. Tusc. 1, 11, 24.—
10. To lay out for the grave: “toroque Mortua componar, positaeque det oscula frater,Ov. M. 9, 503; Verg. A. 2, 644.—Also, to lay in the grave, to bury, inter (poet. and in post-class. prose; “syn.: sepelio, condo): corpore posto,Lucr. 3, 871: “te ... patriā decedens ponere terrā,Verg. A. 6, 508; Ov. F. 5, 480: “ubi corpus meum positum fuerit,Dig. 34, 1, 18 fin.; Inscr. Orell. 4370: “IN HAC CVPA MATER ET FILIVS POSITI SVNT,ib. 4550; 4495: “HIC POSITVS EST, Inscr. in Boeckh. C. I. Gr. 4156: CINERES,Inscr. Orell. 4393; 4489.—
11. Ponere calculum or calculos, transf., to weigh carefully, to ponder, consider: “si bene calculum ponas,Petr. 115, 16: “examina tecum, omnesque, quos ego movi, in utrāque parte calculos pone,Plin. Ep. 2, 19 fin.
12. To arrange, deck, set in order (cf. compono): “qui suas ponunt in statione comas,Ov. A. A. 3, 434: “quid totiens positas fingis, inepta, comas?id. ib. 1, 306; cf. id. H. 4, 77; id. M. 1, 477.—
13. To subdue, calm, allay, quiet: “quo non arbiter Hadriae Major, tollere seu ponere vult freta,Hor. C. 1, 3, 16: “magnos cum ponunt aequora motus,Prop. 4 (5), 14, 31.—Hence, neutr., of the winds, to fall, abate (poet. and late Lat.): “cum venti posuere omnisque repente resedit Flatus,Verg. A. 7, 27: “tum Zephyri posuere,id. ib. 10, 103: “simul ac ventus posuit,Gell. 2, 30, 2.
II. Trop.
A. In gen., to set, place, put, lay a thing anywhere: noenum ponebat rumores ante salutem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 314 Vahl.): “pone ante oculos laetitiam senatūs,Cic. Phil. 2, 45, 115: “at te apud eum, di boni! quantā in gratiā posui,id. Att. 6, 6, 4; cf. id. ib. 5, 11, 6; 6, 1, 22: ponite me ei (Appio) in gratiā, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5: “apud Lentulum ponam te in gratiā,Cic. Att. 5, 3, 3 B. and K. (Orell. gratiam): “se quoque in gratiā reconciliatae pacis ponere,Liv. 44, 14, 7: “in laude positus,Cic. Sest. 66, 139: “aliquem in metu non ponere,” i. e. not to fear, id. Top. 13, 55: “virtutum fundamenta in voluptate tamquam in aquā ponere,id. Fin. 2, 22, 72; cf. id. Pis. 4, 9: “aliquid in conspectu animi,id. de Or. 3, 40, 161; cf.: “sub uno aspectu ponere,Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 1, 1: ponendus est ille ambitus, non abiciendus, to lay down gently, i. e. close gracefully, Cic. Or. 59, 199: “super cor,to lay to heart, Vulg. Mal. 2, 2.—With in and acc.: “te in crimen populo ponat atque infamiam,Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 11.—Elliptically: et quidem cum in mentem venit, ponor ad scribendum, when it occurs to Cœsar, he sets me (i. e. my name) to the Senate's decrees, Cic. Fam. 9, 15, 4.—
B. In partic.
1. Ponere aliquid in aliquā re, to put or place a thing in something, to cause a thing to rest or depend upon: “credibile non est, quantum ego in consiliis et prudentiā tuā, quantum in amore et fide ponam,Cic. Att. 2, 23, 3: “spem in aliquo,id. ib. 6, 1, 11: “salutis auxilium in celeritate,Caes. B. G. 5, 48; cf.: “spem salutis in virtute,id. ib. 5, 34, 2: “ut in dubio poneret, utrum, etc.,regarded as doubtful, doubted, Liv. 34, 5, 3: sed haec haud in magno equidem ponam discrimine, I shall attach no great importance to it, id. prooem. § 8.—In pass.: positum esse in aliquā re, to be based or founded upon, to rest upon, depend upon: “ut salutem praesentium, spem reliquorum in vestris sententiis positam esse et defixam putetis,Cic. Fl. 1, 3; id. Agr. 2, 9, 22: “omnia posita putamus in Planci tui liberalitate,id. Att. 16, 16, F, 2; id. Or. 8, 27: “in te positum est, ut, etc.,id. Att. 16, 16, B, § 8. —
3. To put, place, count, reckon, consider a thing in or among certain things: “mortem in malis,Cic. Fin. 3, 8, 29: “in beneficii loco,id. Fam. 15, 4, 12; id. Cat. 2, 9, 20: “si quis motus populi factus esset, id C. Norbano in fraude capitali esse ponendum,id. de Or. 2, 48, 199: “in laude,to regard as praiseworthy, id. Top. 18, 71: “in vitiis poni,to be regarded as a fault, Nep. Epam. 1, 2.—
4. To appoint, ordain, make something: “leges,Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28: “festos laetosque ritus,Tac. H. 5, 5 fin.: “ut male posuimus initia, sic cetera sequentur,Cic. Att. 10, 18, 2: “ne tu in spem ponas me bonae frugi fore,to hope for, reckon upon, Plaut. Capt. 5, 2, 4 Fleck.: nomen, to apply or give a name (= imponere): “sunt enim rebus novis nova ponenda nomina,Cic. N. D. 1, 17, 44; id. Tusc. 3, 5, 10; Verg. A. 7, 63: “qui tibi nomen Insano posuere,Hor. S. 2, 3, 48: rationem, to furnish an account, to reckon, Suet. Oth. 7; cf. Col. 1, 3: “pecuniae,Dig. 46, 3, 89.—
8. To set before the mind, represent, describe: “nec ponere lucum Artifices, nec, etc.,Pers. 1, 70: “pone Tigellinum,Juv. 1, 155.—
10. To put away, leave off, dismiss, forego, lay down, surrender (= deponere): “vitam propera ponere,Plaut. Curc. 4, 3, 4: “vitia,Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 46: “dolorem,id. Tusc. 3, 28, 66: inimicitias, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6: “curas,Liv. 1, 19: “metum,Plin. Ep. 5, 6: “iram,Hor. A. P. 160: “moras,id. C. 4, 12, 25; Ov. F. 2, 816: “animos feroces,Liv. 8, 1: “corda ferocia,Verg. A. 1, 302: “vires (flammae),id. ib. 5, 681: “ipsum rudimentum adulescentiae bello lacessentem Romanos posuisse,had obtained his first experience, Liv. 31, 11 fin.; Suet. Ner. 22; also, “tirocinium,Just. 12, 4, 6: “animam,to lay down life, Vulg. Johan. 10, 15; 17.—Esp., milit. t. t.: arma ponere (= deponere), to lay down arms, yield, surrender: “Nepesinis inde edictum ut arma ponant,Liv. 6, 10, 5: “dedi imperatorem, arma poni jubet,id. 4, 10, 3; cf.: “positis armis,id. 35, 36, 4; id. Epit. 88.—
11. To make, cause to be (eccl. Lat.): “cornu tuum ponam ferreum,Vulg. Mich. 4, 13: “posuit me desolatam,id. Thren. 3, 11; with quasi: “ponam Samariam quasi acervum,id. Mich. 1, 6; with in and acc.: “posuerunt eam in ruinam,id. Isa. 23, 13.—
12. To assume, suppose, put a case (of mere suppositions; only late Lat.; cf. 6 supra): pone tamen ab evangelistis scriptum, Ambros. de Fide, 5, 16, 194; Ps.-Quint. Decl. 273.—Hence, pŏsĭtus , a, um, P. a., of localities, placed, situated; situate, standing, lying anywhere: “Roma in montibus posita,Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 96: “Delos in Aegaeo mari posita,id. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55: “portus ex adverso urbi positus,Liv. 45, 5: “tumulus opportune ad id positus,id. 28, 13: “urbs alieno solo posita,id. 4, 17.—Poet.: “somno positus = sopitus,lulled to sleep, Verg. A. 4, 527.
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