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posco , pŏposci, 3 (old
I.perf. peposci, Val. Antias ap. Gell. 7, 9, 9), v. inch. a. [for porc-scere; Sanscr. root parkh- prakh-, to ask; cf.: precor, procus, procax], to ask for urgently; to beg, demand, request, desire (syn.: flagito, postulo, peto).
I. In gen., constr. usually with aliquid, aliquem (sibi): aliquid ab aliquo; also with a double acc., with ut, with inf., or with acc. and inf., or wholly absol.: “poscere est secundum Varronem, quotiens aliquid pro merito nostro deposcimus: petere vero est cum aliquid humiliter et cum precibus postulamus,Serv. Verg. A. 9, 194.
(β). With ab: “fac, ut audeat Tibi credere omnia, abs te petere et poscere,Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 53: diem a praetore peposcit, Val. Antias ap. Gell. 7, 9, 9: “abs te litteras,Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 16, § 36; 2, 2, 47, § 117: “tutorem ab aliquo,Suet. Aug. 94: “bibere a me poscis,Vulg. Joann. 4, 9.—
(γ). With a double acc.: “parentes pretium pro sepulturā liberum poscere,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 3, § 7: “magistratum nummos,id. ib. 2, 1, 17, § “44: aliquem causam disserendi,id. Tusc. 3, 3, 7: “claves portarum magistratus,Liv. 27, 24, 8: “non ita creditum Poscis Quintilium deos,Hor. C. 1, 24, 12: “cur me in decursu lampada poscis?Pers. 6, 61: “poscenti vos rationem,Vulg. 1 Pet. 3, 15.—Hence, pass.: poscor aliquid, I am asked for something, something is asked or demanded of me (poet. and in post-class. prose): “gravidae posceris exta bovis,they ask you for the entrails, Ov. F. 4, 670; cf.: “poscor meum Laelapa,they demand of me my Lœlaps, id. M. 7, 771: “nec tantum segetes alimentaque debita dives Poscebatur humus,id. ib. 1, 138: “quod rationem pecuniae posceretur,Gell. 4, 18, 12; to be called upon or invoked to inspire a poet or to sing: “aversus Apollo Poscitur invitā verba pigenda lyrā,Prop. 4 (5), 1, 76.(better reading poscis ab); cf. absol. Palilia poscor: Non poscor frustra; “si favet alma Pales,Ov. F. 4, 721; so, “poscimur Aonides,Ov. M. 5, 333: “poscimur,Hor. C. 1, 32, 1.—
(δ). With ut: “poscimus, ut cenes civiliter,Juv. 5, 112: “poscimus ut sit, etc.,id. 7, 71; Tac. H. 2, 39: poposcit, ut haec ipsa quaestio diligentius tractaretur, Aug. Civ. Dei, 2, 21.—(ε) With inf. or acc. and inf. (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): “poscat sibi fabula credit,Hor. A. P. 339; cf.: “immolare Fauno, Seu poscat agnā sive malit haedo,id. C. 1, 4, 12: “esse sacerdotes delubraque vestra tueri Poscimus,Ov. M. 8, 708: “contraque occurrere poscunt,Val. Fl. 4, 194; Pers. 1, 128; Claud. in Eutr. 1, 151.—In prose: “ego vero te etiam morari posco inter voluptates,Sen. Contr. 1, 8; Arn. 7, p. 254. So, too, perh. (acc. to Stephanus's conjecture): “vos fallere poscunt,Rutil. Lup. Fig. 2, 19, p. 181 Frotsch.—(ζ) Ellipt.: “poscunt majoribus poculis, sc. bibere,they challenge to drink from larger goblets, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66.—(η) Absol., to beg, be a beggar: “improbus es, cum poscis, ait. Sed pensio clamat, posce,Juv. 9, 63 sq.
B. Of inanimate and abstract subjects, to demand, require, need: “quod res poscere videbatur,Caes. B. G. 7, 1: “cum usus poscit,id. ib. 4, 2: quod negotium poscebat, Sail J. 56, 1; 70, 3; Quint. 11, 3, 162 et saep.—
II. In partic.
A. To demand for punishment, to ask the surrender of: accusant ii, quos populus poscit, Cic. Rosc. Am. 5, 13; cf.: “hujus tantae cladis auctor Annibal poscitur,Flor. 2, 6, 7: “nec poscitur auctor,Sil. 2, 44: “poscendum poenae juvenem jubebat,id. 1, 677; so Liv. 9, 26.—
B. In gen., to call one (ante-class. and poet.): “clamore hominem posco,Plaut. Curc. 5, 3, 5: “gemitu Alciden,Sen. Herc. Oet. 1887.—Pass.: ego poscor Olympo (dat. of agent), Olympus calls me, summons me to the combat, Verg. A. 8, 533: “poscimur,Ov. M. 2, 144.—
2. In partic., to call upon, invoke: “supplex tua numina posco,Verg. A. 1, 666.—
C. In selling.
1. To ask, demand for a thing, to offer at a price: “tanti quanti poscit, vin' tanti illam emi?Plaut. Merc. 2, 4, 22: pro reliquis (libris) idem pretium poposcit, Varr. ap. Lact. 1, 6, 10.—
D. To demand one's hand, ask in marriage: “eam si jubes, frater, tibi me poscere, poscam,Plaut. Aul. 2, 1, 38: “filiam tuam mihi uxorem posco,id. ib. 2, 2, 42: “tibi permittam, posce, duce,id. Trin. 2, 2, 103: “sine dote posco tuam sororem filio,id. ib. 2, 4, 98: “tuam sororem uxorem alicui,id. ib. 2, 4, 49.
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